During July–August 2012 a trial excavation was conducted east of Tel ‘Ali (Permit No. A-6570; map ref. 25298-306/73404-17), after ancient remains were discovered during inspections prior to digging a channel for the installation of the salt-water carrier. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Mekorot Company, was directed by A. Mokary (field photography), with the assistance of Y. Lavan (administration), R. Mishayev (surveying) and laborers from Tiberias.
An area (4×6 m) was excavated on a slope covered with alluvium that descends toward the central Jordan River, c. 20 m from the western bank, and remains of an aqueduct were exposed. The aqueduct is built of two parallel walls (W11, W12; length c. 4 m, width 0.6 m, preserved height 1 m; Fig. 1) aligned in a north–south direction and c. 0.8 m apart. The two walls were constructed of roughly hewn basalt stones, and their upper part (height c. 0.2 m) was plastered. The aqueduct was founded on basalt bedrock. The floor of the aqueduct did not survive (Fig. 2), but presumably it too was plastered. An aqueduct with a channel of identical dimensions passes above Nahal Yavne’el, c. 100 m south of the excavation area.
No artifacts were recovered that can assist in dating the aqueduct; however, the remains that were exposed are a continuation of the aqueduct that is built on a bridge above Nahal Yavne’el and dates to the Mamluk period.