The Roman road runs along a north–south axis and passes through the Yatir forest, connecting the Hebron Hills with the Negev highlands. It seems that it continues north towards Hebron and Jerusalem. The road is mentioned in many studies of the area that reference road stations, wells, reservoirs, guard posts and towers built along its course (Meshel 1970; Roll 1976; Shmueli 2010; Baumgarten and Silberklang 2015: Sites 196, 208–210, 223, 224; Silberklang 2019). Today, a well-preserved 4 km stretch of this road is visible between Mizpe Qerayot and Dargot Quarry. According to the surveys, along the road were preserved curbstones, paving, delineating walls and traces of leveling, as well as built and rock-cut steps (Baumgarten and Silberklang 2015: Introduction, Roads). An excavation conducted about 1 km southwest of the excavation and 100 m north of the Roman road uncovered remains of a field tower, rock cuttings and farming terraces (Silberklang 2019).
During the excavation, about 80 m of the Roman road were cleaned, including its margins (width c. 1 m) on either side. This included weeding the removal of fallen and dislocated stones so as to accentuate the route (Fig. 2). This stretch of the road (width 5.8 m) is flanked by two delineating walls, each constructed of two rows of stones (width 0.6 m; Fig. 3), of which only one course was preserved. Several large stones, at times wider than the wall, were incorporated in these walls. No paving was exposed in the cleaned section. Steps were built across the road at irregular intervals to accommodate elevation differences. The walls flanking the steps (width c. 0.25 m; Fig. 4) were constructed of one row of stones, supported on either side by earth. Several small, worn and non-indicative potsherds were found. The construction style and ground preparation are characteristic of the Roman period, but the lack of milestones hinders a precise dating. A few Iron Age remains along the road’s course raise the possibility that the road was built in the Roman period over an earlier road.