Nine squares were excavated on the rocky slope, yielding the remains of a building constructed during MB IIB or MB IIA–B. A few ruined walls found at a higher level, in the northeast corner of the excavation area, may attest to a more recent layer that has not been preserved.
The excavation unearthed a terraced architectural complex (c. 175 sq m; Fig. 2) comprising several spaces: a central building with two rooms whose walls were built of medium-sized fieldstones. A tamped-earth layer covering the rock may be the remains of a leveled floor bedding. Some of the corners yielded fragments of pithoi or kraters, most of which were poorly preserved. The building was surrounded by a series of corridors paved with large stone slabs (Fig. 3). At least two entrances to the building were found: in the west and in the south, where there was a socket stone. Stone tools, two bronze daggers (Fig. 4) and numerous potsherds were discovered in the corridors and rooms. The passages מסדרונות were surrounded by walls built of large fieldstones that were excellently preserved to the height of four courses (height c. 1.5 m).
Farther down the site’s west slope, where the natural bedrock had been leveled, was a tamped-earth bedding overlain by a small preserved section of slab-stone paving. To the west, other rock terraces uncovered lower down were partially excavated. These מפלסיםterraces yielded numerous body fragments of pithoi, jars and kraters. A cavity hewn in one rock surface contained a cache of hammerstones and grinding stones.
Approximately 5–6 m south of the complex, remains of two additional walls were discovered together with what may be a stone-built channel, attesting to the existence of a larger architectural complex than the one that was excavated.המכלול
The excavation shows that the site was established in MB IIA–B or early in MB IIB and that it continued to be occupied until the end of that period. Surveys, aerial photographs and old maps show remains of walls to the north and to the west; the site was evidently much larger than the excavated area and most of it has not been preserved. It probably belonged to the array of rural settlements in the Western and Upper Galilee highlands in the first half of the second millennium BCE. The considerable effort invested in building the corridors and in the paving, as well as the two daggers found in situ and not in a burial context raise questions about the structure’s nature.