The current excavation unearthed building remains from four construction layers, dated by the pottery and glass finds to the Early Roman/Herodian periods (Stratum IV; first century BCE; Fig. 3, yellow), the late Byzantine/Early Islamic periods (Stratum III; seventh–mid-eighth centuries CE; Fig. 3, brown), the Crusader/Ayyubid periods (Stratum II; second half of the twelfth century CE; Fig. 3, green) and the Ottoman period (wall foundations [W1, W4]; Stratum I; Fig. 4).
Finds dating from the Iron Age II and the Late Roman period, the time of Aelia Capitolina, attest to activity at or in the vicinity of the excavation site during these periods. The finds from the time of Aelia Capitolina include pottery, 23 curved and overlapping roof tiles (imbrices and tegulae) marked with round and rectangular stamps of the Tenth Legion (Fig. 5), and a fragment of a marble statue depicting fauna: a rabbit, a genet(?) and part of a snake, of whom only the tail remains (L103, B1004; Fig. 6).
The numerous finds from the excavation that are attributed to the Late Roman period and specifically to the Tenth Legion attest to an extensive Roman presence on the city’s southwestern hill, to the south of the excavation. This reinforces the current scholarly consensus, which places the location of the Tenth Legion’s garrison in this part of the city (for the site of the Roman garrison, see Weksler-Bdolah 2014).