The excavation unearthed agricultural and industrial installations, as well as a natural cave (Fig. 2).
Agricultural Terraces P3–P5 (W10, W11, W17; average length 4.5–6.5 m, preserved height c. 0.65 m; Fig. 3) were partially excavated. They were roughly built of local medium–large fieldstones placed directly on the bedrock in an east–west direction.
Cave P6 (L23; Fig. 4). The partially excavated cave had a south-facing entrance; the north section of its roof had collapsed. Due to safety considerations, the excavation focused on the open north part, near the edges of the cave (L24; 1 × 1 m). It revealed a thick layer of soil mixed with dark ash and fragments of burnt stones. Burn marks were also visible on the cave walls. After the north section of the roof had collapsed, the cave was apparently used as a charcoal kiln. No diagnostic finds were retrieved.
Winepress P7 (Figs. 5, 6) was a simple winepress hewn on the southern edge of the excavation area. A square treading floor (L14; 1.8 × 2.0 m, depth 8 cm) with a moderate northward slope allowed the draining of the must through a shallow channel in its wall to a small collecting vat (L19; 0.8 × 1.0 m, depth 0.8 m) with a hewn sump (L22; diam. 0.17 m) near its southern wall. No diagnostic finds were recovered.
Limekiln P9 (Fig. 7). The limekiln, excavated in the northwest of the excavation area, was installed inside a disused quarry. Its upper part was visible on the surface prior to the excavation: an outer peripheral wall (diam. 5.5 m) built of large fieldstones and an inner wall (diam. 2.7 m) built of small–medium-sized stones; the space between the two walls was filled with stone. The northern half of the interior of the kiln was excavated to a depth of 2 m (L25), exposing the lower courses of the inner wall. On the east, the kiln’s wall was founded on the quarry wall, and was built of stones of various sizes, which were preserved to a height of three courses (Fig. 8). The northern wall was built of small and medium-sized stones to a height of 7–8 courses. A cavity unearthed on the west side of the kiln was probably a ventilation channel; it may have also served for inserting the stones intended for burning and for extracting the lime. Inside the kiln were numerous local, limestones. A large quantity of ash (0.1 m thick) and burnt limestones, some partially dressed, were found at the bottom of the kiln, suggesting that the lime makers used waste from the nearby quarries. A small quantity of ribbed potsherds characteristic of the Byzantine period was found within these accumulations.
Quarry P10 (Fig. 9) was a square stepped quarry that was partially excavated. Chisel marks and severance channels were visible on the sides of the rock. Its western wall (depth 1.2 m) comprised two quarrying steps. On the eastern side of the quarry (depth 1.7 m) was an undetached ashlar block surrounded with severance channels (L26; stone size 0.30 × 0.35 × 0.70 m). Severance channels of three additional stones were identified on the rock surface to the south of the stone. At the northern end of the eastern wall were the negatives of several stones and an undetached square stone (0.3 × 0.5 × 0.5 m). On the south side of the quarry were three quarrying steps (L15), as well as chisel marks and severance channels.
Quarry P12 (L12; 3.5 × 4.0 m, max. depth 1.1 m; Fig. 10) was a stepped quarry with a square courtyard. The negatives of at least eight stones extracted stones were identified in the quarry, as well as four undetached stones (the largest stone: 0.20 × 0.40 × 0.75 m) surrounded by chisel marks. On its northeast side, a small courtyard quarry was partially excavated (L27; 1 × 2 m), but no signs of chiseling or stone detachment could be clearly discerned.
Quarry P13 (L13; length c. 7.5 m, max. depth c.1.15 m; Fig. 11) was a stepped quarry along a west–east alignment. The quarry, which was only partially unearthed, comprised at least two quarrying steps. Its rock walls bore chisel marks and evidence of stone detachment.
Quarry P14 (L21; Fig. 12). A small quarry was unearthed in the south part of the excavation area. The quarry comprised two quarrying steps and had one undetached stone (0.5 × 0.7 m) on its west side.
The excavated installations seem to have belonged to an agricultural-industrial area—a continuation of the agricultural complex previously surveyed to the north of nearby Khirbat el-Karak. The numerous quarries scattered throughout the area apparently provided the building stones for the settlement. Only a few worn ribbed pottery body fragments, dated mostly to the Byzantine period, were found in the excavation area, mainly within the limekiln. It is thus impossible to determine when the installations were constructed, but the limekiln was clearly built inside the quarry after it was abandoned.