Approximately 650 sq m were excavated in two areas (A, B). Area A (Fig. 1) yielded the remains of an irrigation system, in which two phases were identified. In the first phase, dated to the Ottoman period, plastered channels were built of kurkar stones on a foundation of small kurkar stones. In the second phase, during the British Mandate, the system was renovated and elevated.
Area B yielded two settlement strata. The earlier stratum dates from the Middle Bronze Age IIA, and the later—from the Byzantine period. A few Early Islamic potsherds were also retrieved. The MB IIA remains comprise a refuse pit that contained numerous potsherds; walls; a corner of a building (Fig. 2); a circular installation (Fig. 3), maybe a silo; the remains of a pottery kiln (Figs. 4, 5); and tombs.
The Byzantine-period remains included a layer of fill next to a wall, which may be earlier in date; the fill contained numerous saqiye-jar fragments. A probe excavated alongside this wall revealed large limestone building-blocks that have one curved face and bear traces of gray bonding material, along with potsherds from the Middle Bronze Age, Byzantine and Abbasid periods. These may be the remains of a nearby saqiye well. An excavation square opened beside the probe yielded a fill containing dark red hamra soil, numerous potsherds from the above-mentioned periods and a large quantity of stones. The fill penetrated the muddy, almost black soil, which accumulated in the northwest part of the excavation area, where tombs were also discovered (below). A habitation level identified in this part of the area contained mud-bricks, small stones and potsherds.
Beneath the habitation level, which was dated to the Byzantine period, another MB IIA level was exposed. Tombs in a very poor state of preservation lay at various elevations below this level (Fig. 6). Two cist tombs built of kurkar fieldstones were detected, one containing in situ vessels. Three tombs, which were marked with a circle of sparsely spaced fieldstones, contained several pottery fragments.
Judging by the quantity of the potsherds and their date, it can be concluded that the Byzantine settlement was closer to the Yarqon River, in the northwest part of the site, where the kurkar bedrock descends in elevation. In the southern area, where the kurkar bedrock rises to a higher elevation, most of the retrieved potsherds are from the Middle Bronze Age. The excavated area seems to have served as part of the hinterland—comprising industrial installations and a burial ground—that served the settlements at nearby Tel Zeton and Tel Gerisa.