In June 2016, a salvage excavation was conducted at Kibbutz Ma‘ayan Zevi, on the northeast fringes of Horbat Kevara (Permit No. A-7735; map ref. 194561–707/719010–216; Fig. 1), prior to development work. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by A. Turgeman, was directed by A. Chocron, with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), M. Kahan (surveying and drafting), A. Dagot (GPS), P. Gendelman (scientific guidance) and A. Peretz (field photography).
A natural deposit (L100; Fig. 2), a stone-clearance heap and the remains of a field tower were excavated. The excavation yielded a few worn potsherds (not drawn) from the Roman and Byzantine periods, which do not contribute to the dating of the installations.
The stone-clearance heap (L101; c. 6 × 7 m; Fig. 3) is bounded by walls on its northeast (W108), northwest (W109) and south (W110). The walls were built of large boulders and fieldstones (average dimensions 0.3 × 0.4 × 0.7 m) placed on the bedrock and preserved to the height of a single course.
Only two walls (W202, W206) of the field tower (L200; Fig. 4) survived. They were built of medium-sized fieldstones without mortar and were preserved to a maximum height of two courses. The original size of the field tower, which was square in plan, cannot be established.
Despite the damage to the area and the meager finds, which are insufficient for dating the installations, they are undoubtedly part of the large agricultural hinterland of a nearby settlement, possibly Mansur el-‘Aqeb
, located on the western fringes of Ramat Ha-Nadiv, on the southwestern cliffs of Hotem Ha-Karmel, where finds have with dates consistent with those of the finds from the installations were recovered (Hirschfeld 2000:40–78).
Argaman Y. 1999. Zikhron Ya‘aqov, Nevé Remez. HA-ESI 109:38*.
Hirschfeld Y. 1991. Ramat Hanadiv – 1989/1990. ESI 10:9–14.
Olami Y., Sender S. and Oren E. 2006. Map of Binyamina (48) (Archaeological Survey of Israel). Jerusalem.
Hirschfeld Y. 2000. Ramat Hanadiv Excavations: Final Report of the 1984–1998 Seasons. Jerusalem.