(Fig. 3). A round limekiln (diam. c. 5 m, depth 4.5 m), whose lower part was cut into the bedrock and upper part was stone-built (L10; Fig. 4), was unearthed. Its northern half was destroyed due to modern construction work. The kiln’s ventilation channel was not found either, probably due to damage during this construction as well. Based on its resemblance to kilns discovered in the nearby area, the kiln was dated to the Ottoman period (Storchan 2012a
; Storchan 2012b
About 6 m southwest of the kiln, a rock-hewn winepress was exposed (Fig. 5). It comprised a treading floor (L12; length 3 m, width 2.5 m, depth 0.3 m) and a collecting vat (L13; length 1.5 m, width 1.2 m, depth 0.8 m). A rectangular niche (L14; length 0.8 m, width 0.4 m, depth 0.25 m) was hewn in the center of the northeast wall of the treading floor, 0.9 m above the floor; it probably served to anchor a pressing beam.
Two more finds (Fig. 2: Sites 3, 4 [not drawn]) were documented: a circular cupmark cut into a rock surface (diam. 0.35 m, max. depth 0.13 m) and a rock-hewn winepress. The northern part of the winepress had been naturally eroded; its southern part contained a circular treading floor (diam. 1.5 m, depth 0.2 m) and a rectangular collecting vat (length 0.7 m, width 0.6 m, depth 0.4 m).
Area B (Fig. 6) yielded a winepress hewn in a rock outcrop: a small treading floor (L50; length 0.9 m, width 0.9 m, depth 0.1 m) and a rectangular collecting vat (L51; length 0.9 m, width 0.6 m, depth 0.4 m) connected by a channel (width 0.1 m, length 0.15 m, depth 0.1 m). A circular cupmark (L52; diam. 0.4 m, depth 0.4 m; Fig. 7) to the east of the treading floor may have served as a stand for a jar.
The rock-hewn installations unearthed in the excavation are associated with agricultural and industrial activity in the area. The natural soil that accumulated in the installations was devoid of pottery or any other finds that could date the quarrying and use of the installations. Nevertheless, the plan of the winepress in Area B suggests that it should be linked with the Byzantine complex unearthed nearby (Solimany 2012