In March 2014, a salvage excavation was conducted on Tav Kaf Bet Street in Ramla (Permit No. A-7057; map ref. 187571–618/64804–88), prior to the construction of a parking lot. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ramla municipality, was directed by J. Marcus, with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), M. Kahan (surveying), A. Peretz (field photography), C. Ben-Ari (GPS), H. Torgë (pottery reading), M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing), Y. Gorin-Rosen (glass) and laborers from Bir el-Maksur.
Two squares were opened and three strata (Fig. 2) were identified, including a habitation level, a plaster floor and a drainage pipe made of clay segments. Fragments of pottery and glassware were collected.
A drainage pipe made of clay segments (L121; diam. c. 10 cm), which was set on a thick bedding of plaster on the ground, was exposed in the bottom stratum. A floor of gray plaster containing charcoal particles was laid above the pipe (L110; thickness c. 1 cm). The pipe and the floor were dated to the Abbasid and Fatimid periods on the basis of the pottery and glass finds that were collected from the floor and the fill above the pipe. In the upper stratum, a Mamluk-period habitation level (L101, L102) with two phases was found: a fill of brown soil, small stones, pieces of plaster and pottery sherds, overlain with small and medium fieldstones and clusters of pottery.
Fragments of pottery and glass were discovered in all three strata. Three glazed bowls were found: a bowl made of light-pink clay, with white under-slip, green-yellow glaze, and sgrafitto decoration, from the Mamluk period (Fig. 3:1); a bowl with a green-yellow and brown alkali glaze over shite slip from the Fatimid period (tenth–eleventh centuries CE; Fig. 3:2); and a common glazed bowl from the eighth–eleventh centuries CE (Fig. 3:3). Other finds include a jar ascribed to the Mamluk period (Fig. 3:4), a jug made of light-brown clay from the eighth century CE (Fig. 3:5), an eggshell jug with an incised decoration from the eighth–eleventh centuries CE (Fig. 3:6), a jug-handle made of buff clay, formed in a mould, from the ninth–tenth centuries CE (Fig. 3:7) and a tiny vessel made of brown clay, from the eighth century CE (Fig. 3:8). Four of the glass finds are diagnostic: three fragments of locally produced vessels from the Abbasid period and one from the Umayyad period.
The small finds suggest that the remains were very likely a residential area, part of the Abbasid, Fatimid and Mamluk periods sequence of urban Ramla, which was previously exposed in adjacent excavations.