During January 2010, a salvage excavation was conducted in Ramat Yishay (Permit No. A-5834; map ref. 216225–84/734490–670), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by R. Almakayes, was directed by B. Hanna, with the assistance of Y. Lavan (administration), Y. Nemichnitzer(surveying and drafting) and M. Hartal (field photography).
Square A (Fig. 4). Remains of a wall (W10) and a floor (L107, L111) were discovered. The floor abutted the wall and it appears that they were part of a dwelling. Wall 10, founded on sterile brown soil and built of limestone ashlars, was preserved two courses high. The eastern end of the wall was straight and dressed, suggesting it was part of a doorjamb that was destroyed during the Abbasid construction phase (Stratum IV; below). The wall extended west beyond the limits of the excavation. The floor consisted of tamped earth, ash and small stones; remains of hearths were discerned on it. An accumulation of soil and pottery fragments (L102), including bowls and jars dating to the Byzantine period, was discovered above the floor.
Square B. An accumulation of light gray soil (L110; thickness 1 m), mixed with small stones and potsherds from the Byzantine period, was exposed above a layer of sterile soil.
Square A. Remains of three walls (W13–15) and a floor (L104) were exposed. The floor abutted Walls 13 and 15 from the north. It seems that the three walls and the floor were part of the same architectural unit. The three walls were built of roughly hewn limestone founded on the remains of Stratum VI, and they extended beyond the limits of the excavation. Only two stones were exposed of W13. Wall 14 was preserved two courses high. Its western part was bonded with W13 and together they formed a right angle. Wall 15 was preserved a single course high. Its eastern part was bonded with W13 and together they formed a right angle. Floor 104 consisted of tamped earth mixed with small stones and many fragments of pottery vessels, including bowls and jars from the Abbasid period.
Square B (Fig. 5). Remains of two walls that formed a corner (W11, W12) and a floor (L103) were discovered. The floor abutted the walls from the north and it seems that they were part of the same architectural unit; the walls extended beyond the bounds of the excavation. The walls were founded on a soil accumulation from the Byzantine period (Stratum VI) and were built of limestone ashlars. Wall 11 was preserved a single course high, whereas W12 survived to two courses high. Floor 103 consisted of tamped earth mixed with a large amount of ash, small stones, mud-brick material and potsherds dating to the Abbasid period. Walls 11 and 12 were covered with layers of gray soil and ash mixed with potsherds from the Abbasid period (Fig. 6).