During April 2012, a trial excavation was conducted at the antiquities site of Khirbat Diran, at the Smilansky School in Rehovot (Permit No. A-6474; map ref. 182624–54/644817–59; Fig. 1) prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Rehovot municipality, was directed by F. Volynsky, with the assistance of E. Bachar (administration), H. Ben-Ari (GPS), M. Kunin (surveying), A. Peretz (field photography), N. Zak (drafting) and P. Gendelman (ceramics).
Square A. A cist tomb, dug in hamra (L13; 0.9×1.7 m; Figs. 2, 3) and covered with medium-sized fieldstones, was exposed. One of the covering stones was removed and a storage jar that dated to the Early Roman period (first century CE) was revealed. The jar was covered over and not documented out of concern for disturbances on the part of religious zealots.
Square B. The upper part of a cist tomb, dug in hamra (L14; 1.2×1.9 m; Figs. 3, 4), was exposed c. 5 m west of the tomb in Sq A.