The site was documented in the nineteenth century as a small village with mud-brick dwellings, similar to most of the villages in the region. During the reign of the Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali, in the first half of the nineteenth century CE, the village was inhabited with Huranian and Egyptian peasants. At the time of the British Mandate, Y. Ory, an inspector of the Antiquities Department, visited the site and documented a village with remains of a well and a pool, foundations of ancient buildings that were exposed during the course of work in the village, potsherd scatters, some of which were from the Iron Age, and basalt objects. He also reported that cultivation was conducted within the precincts of the site (British Mandatory archive and IAA archive). Remains of a wall and floor, ascribed to the Late Byzantine and beginning of the Early Islamic periods, were exposed in the northern part of the site in 2000 (HA-ESI 115:76*). Remains of a cemetery dating to Middle Bronze Age IIA were excavated at the site in 2002 (Yasur-Landau A. and Guzowska M. 2005. A Middle Bronze Age IIA Cemetery at Khirbet Muhayzin. Salvage Excavation Reports No. 2:38–58). A tomb dating to Late Bronze Age II was exposed in 2005 (HA-ESI 120) and two refuse pits that contained pottery from Middle Bronze Age IIB and Late Bronze Age II were exposed in 2006 (HA-ESI 120).
Square 1. An upper layer of hard soil was excavated; it overlaid a level of hard gray-brown soil (thickness c. 0.9 m) that was probably a thin habitation level or an alluvium level. Beneath this level was a layer of hamra (L122) that contained a thin horizon of potsherds and flint artifacts above small, scattered fieldstones.
Square 2. An upper layer of hard soil (L102) that contained a scant amount of pottery and flint items was excavated. Below it was a level of black alluvium devoid of finds (L113), indicating water had been standing there for a protracted period, probably as a result of flooding from the nearby stream.
Square 3. A thin habitation level of hard gray-brown soil (L118) was exposed; it contained a small amount of pottery and flint items. The level extended down the slope toward the south.
Square 4. The continuation of Alluvium Level 113 in Square 2 was excavated. Below it was a level of hamra and sand that contained a meager amount of finds, including pottery, flint items and fragments of disintegrated bones. Beneath this level was a layer of small kurkar stones, tamped and crushed kurkar and gray mud-brick material (L126), which might have been the remains of a road or wall built to prevent the flooding of Nahal Timna.
Square 5. A habitation level (L117) of hard gray-brown soil containing small stones, flint items, slag and potsherds was exposed, similar to Square 3. This level was penetrated by a later pit (L129) in which a jug decorated with a geometric pattern and dating to the Mamluk and Ottoman periods was discovered (Fig. 3:14).
Square 6. A pit (L105; depth 1.7 m) containing gray soil and potsherds dating to the Ottoman period was exposed. The bottom part of the pit severed a thin habitation level (L124), similar to the one exposed in Squares 3 and 5, higher up on the slope. Numerous wadi pebbles were exposed in the southern part of the square, indicating there was flooding from nearby Nahal Timna.
Square 7. Brown clay soil (L106) that contained scattered sherds, flint items and slag was exposed.
Square 8. A thin habitation level (L119) similar to the one exposed in Squares 1, 3, 5 and 6 was excavated.
Square 9. An elliptical patch of light gray soil (Fig. 4) was exposed beneath a thin upper layer of hamra. Excavating the patch of soil revealed an elliptical pit (L114; 1.2×3.0 m, depth c. 0.5 m; Fig. 5) that contained fragments of three pottery vessels, of which a bowl and a jar from Middle Bronze Age IIA were identified. The jar fragments were restored (Figs. 3:8, 6). Two of the vessels were discovered at the southwestern end of the pit and another vessel was revealed on the northeastern side of the pit. This pit greatly resembles tombs that had previously been exposed at the site and it seems that this pit is a tomb of the Middle Bronze IIA cemetery at the site (Yasur-Landau and Guzowska 2005).
Square 10. Hamra soil (L121) that contained the remains of two dark red mud bricks, which were apparently swept her, was excavated.
Square 11. An elliptical pit (L123; 1.7×.8 m, depth 0.8 m; Fig. 7) filled with light gray soil was exposed; it was similar to Pit 114. Fragments of at least two pottery vessels from the Middle Bronze Age were discovered in the pit, including a jar and a deep bowl that has a knobbed decoration around the rim (Figs. 3:9, 8). It seems that this pit was also used as a grave.
The ceramic finds recovered from the excavation included fragments of pottery vessels from Middle Bronze IIA, including bowls (Fig. 3:1, 2; Bowl 2 continues to appear in Middle Bronze IIB), cooking pots (Fig. 3:3, 4; No. 4 continues into Middle Bronze IIB) and jars (Fig. 3:5–7); fragments of vessels from Middle Bronze IIB, including a cooking pot (Fig. 3:10) and jars (Fig. 3:11, 12); and pottery vessels from the Mamluk and Ottoman periods, among them a jar (Fig. 3:13).
Twenty-one flint items were discovered in the excavation, among them thirteen items of industrial debitage, five cores and three tools, as well as a fragment of a basalt grindstone. The cores include two with a single striking platform, one with two striking platforms, a core on a flake and a Levallois core. All the cores were used to produce flakes. A blade that was produced whilst renewing a Levallois core was also discovered. The tool assemblage includes a sickle blade from the Chalcolithic period, which has a triangular-shaped dorsal side and a delicately denticulated cutting edge (Fig. 9:1); an item truncated on its proximal and distal ends that has one of its sides fashioned with a semi-abrupt retouch (Fig. 9:2) and should be dated to the Middle or Late Bronze Ages; and a side-scraper on a truncated item.
Based on the flint items it seems that the site was inhabited in the Chalcolithic period and the Middle and the Late Bronze Ages. The assemblage of cores, core debitage and perhaps the side-scraper also show that groups of hunters-gatherers resided at the site in the Middle Paleolithic period and probably also in the Early Paleolithic period.