During May 2009, a salvage excavation was conducted within the antiquities site at Trig. Point F20 (Permit No. A-5668; map ref. 192822–966/706814–969). The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Rimon Company, Ltd., was directed by A. Massarwa (photography), with the assistance of S. Ya‘aqov-Jam (administration), A. Hajian (surveying and drafting), P. Gendelman (pottery reading and dating), M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing) and M. Peilstöcker (guidance).
The site is known primarily from surveys (Map of Hadera , Sites 3-7/4.28 in survey archive). Three excavation squares were opened in a leveled area, c. 200 m west of Tel Zomera (Fig. 1). Remains of walls and a floor of a building (7 × 7 m) from the Byzantine period were exposed, as well as a wall and a floor, which were not part of the building and whose function is unknown.
The walls of the building were built of unworked kurkar stones (height c. 0.3 m). Three rooms, two courtyards and a corridor were identified in the structure. A rectangular courtyard (L804; 2.0 × 2.5 m) in the northeastern corner of the building was delimited by two walls (W10, W14; Fig. 2) and another rectangular courtyard (L823; 1.0 × 1.5 m) was in the southwestern corner. The walls of a small room (L805; 1.5 × 1.5 m) in the building’s southeastern corner were abutted by a floor (L80.1) of tamped hamra.
A narrow corridor (L820; width 1 m) linked the two courtyards. It was enclosed on the west by the continuation of the northern courtyard’s wall (W14) and on the east by the western wall of Room 805 (W11).
Two rooms (L824, L825) were located west of the northern Courtyard 804. Room 825 was accessed by way of the southern Courtyard 823; it was delimited by the western wall (W14) of Courtyard 804 in the east and the wall that enclosed it on the north (W17) was apparently the northern wall of the building. Room 824 in the northwestern corner of the building was delimited by the continuation of W17 in the north, the western wall of the building (W13) in the west and by Wall 15 in the south, which adjoined W13 on the east.
A north–south oriented wall (W16) was exposed west of the building and it too was built of unworked kurkar stones. Wall 16 was parallel to W13, continued beyond the boundaries of the excavation and had no floor abutting it. It was not possible to determine its purpose.
Remains of a floor (L80.2; Fig. 3), composed of small kurkar stones tamped in gray soil and extending beyond the limits of the excavation, were discovered c. 4 m west of the building. No wall remains abutted the floor and it is unclear what its function was.
Bowls (Fig. 4:1) and store jars (Fig. 4:2–4) from the Byzantine period were exposed above Floor 80.2 and store jars (Fig. 4:5–7) dating to the Byzantine period were recovered from the building.
Remains of a building that is dated to the Byzantine period, based on the pottery vessels found in it, were exposed in the excavation. Due to the limited scope of the excavation and the poor preservation of the walls, it is difficult to assess the nature and function of the building. The finds join other potsherds from the Byzantine period that were found at and around the site and testify to Byzantine activity in the area.