Area A (3×17 m)
A section of a wall foundation (W12; length 17 m, original width c. 0.8 m, height c. 0.6 m; Fig. 2) that belonged to a water conduit, oriented northeast-southwest, was exposed inside heavy alluvium soil just below the surface. Supports were added to it in the southeast at a later phase (Fig. 3). The wall was built of two rows of medium-sized fieldstones with small and medium stones inserted in-between. Remains of a water channel were noted in the middle of the wall. These consisted of straight fieldstones on either side of a channel’s base that is composed of very small stones or flat stones, overlain with yellow plaster (width 0.20–0.22 m). The channel sloped gently toward the southwest. A few potsherds, including the rims of a glazed bowl and a cooking pot that dated to the Crusader period (Fig. 4:2, 3), were found.
The foundation of Channel 12 in the northeast was partially constructed on an earlier wall (W15; length c. 4 m; Fig. 5), built of medium and large fieldstones and oriented northeast-southwest. The alluvium near the wall yielded a few pottery fragments, including a bowl rim from the Hellenistic period (Fig. 4:1).
Area B (2.5×2.5 m)
Only a few potsherds were found northeast of Area C.
Area C (1.5×10.0 m)
The remains of a massive wall (W18; length 7 m, width 0.9 m; Figs. 6, 7), oriented northwest-southeast and severed at either end, were cleaned at the northeastern end of the area. The wall was built of small and medium stones bonded with hydraulic plaster of hard lime and sand. An opening (width c. 0.5 m) in the middle of the wall was probably a passage for water. It seems that these are the remains of a large installation, possibly a dam or a pool.
The remains of an aqueduct, built in the same direction as W18 (see Fig. 1), were discerned c. 90 m south of Area C.
Area D (2.5×7.0 m)
A section of a channel’s wall foundation (W20; length 7 m, width 0.8–0.9 m, min. height 0.2 m; Figs. 8, 9), aligned northwest-southeast, was excavated in heavy alluvium soil right below the surface, c. 20 m east of Area A. The wall was built of two rows of medium-sized fieldstones with small and medium stones inserted in-between. Running along the middle of the wall was a channel whose sides were built of straight fieldstones with a bedding (width c. 0.4 m) of very small stones between them that bore the remains of yellow plaster. The base of the channel sloped gently toward the northwest. Several potsherds that could not be dated were found.
All the installations are intended for water and were used in conjunction with farming. In the absence of sufficient ceramic finds, it is difficult to date them with certainty; however, it seems that they are connected to the Crusader flour mill that belonged to the Knights Hospitalar (see Fig. 1): Channel 12 sloped in the direction of the flour mill and it can reasonably be assumed that it led there and Channel 20 was probably connected in the north to the system that Channel 12 was part of. It therefore seems that both channels were constructed in the Crusader period (thirteenth century CE).