Square I (Figs. 2, 3). Two parallel walls (W1000, W1001), 2 m apart, were exposed on either side of the probe trench. The walls were aligned north–south and built of roughly hewn, medium and large limestone. Two occupations levels (L15, L17), separated by a thin layer of soil that was indicative of a fire or hearth, abutted the western side of W1000. The foundation trench of W1001 severed both levels and thus, W1001 was later than W1000. This foundation trench was filled with soil and various size stones (W1003). Another wall (W1002), which was probably meant to thicken W1000, was discovered above and slightly to its west.
No datable potsherds were found in the occupation levels between the walls. The fill overlaying these levels (L13, L18) contained fragments of two jars (Fig. 4:8, 11) from the Hellenistic period; a bowl (Fig. 5:2), jars (Fig. 5:6, 7, 11–13) and a jug (Fig. 5:14) from the Early Roman period; and kraters (Fig. 6:1, 2) from the Byzantine period, as well as eight coins (IAA 121392–121399) that dated to the second and first centuries BCE.
Square II was located c. 50 m south of Square I. No building remains were exposed, yet mixed potsherds were found, including fragments of a bowl (Fig. 4:1), a mortarium (Fig. 4:2) and a lamp (Fig. 4:4) from the Persian period; jars (Fig. 4:5, 6, 9) from the Hellenistic period; a cooking pot (Fig. 5:5) and jugs (Fig. 5:15, 16) from the Early Roman period; and a bowl (Fig. 6:3) from the Byzantine period.
Square III was located c. 15 m south of Square II. It yielded no building remains, although a multitude of ceramic artifacts was discovered, including a jar (Fig. 4:3) from the Persian period, jars (Fig. 4:7, 10) from the Hellenistic period; bowls (Fig. 5:1, 3, 4), jars (Fig. 5:8–10) and a lamp (Fig. 5:17) from the Early Roman period; and a cooking krater (Fig. 6:4), a jar (Fig. 6:5) and a flask (Fig. 6:6) from the Byzantine period.
The location of Walls 1000 and 1001 on the slope and their proximity to each other indicates that these were neither terrace walls nor walls of buildings; rather, they were retaining walls of a road that passed above them to the east. The potsherds recovered from the excavation had probably originated from Khirbat Bir el ‘Idd, located at the top of the hill, c. 30 m west of the excavation area, where antiquities dating to the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods had been discovered in the past. If the finds from the excavations did indeed come from Khirbat Bir el ‘Idd, they supplement the data of the site and indicate that a settlement existed there during the Persian, Hellenistic and Roman periods.