The Rosmarin Junction. Construction that utilized ashlars with drafted margins was visible within the precincts of the ‘Judge House’ (Site 7; Fig. 2), which could not be documented.
Deir Tantur. On the grounds of the Ecumenical Institute for Theological Studies of the Catholic Church and nearby, rock-cuttings and fieldstone-built walls (Site 15; not marked on map), a fieldstone-built structure (Site 16), a hewn installation (Site 13) and a cupmark (Site 14; not marked on map) were recorded. Potsherds dating to Iron Age II were found on the surface. The previous survey in the area (Survey of Jerusalem, the Southern Sector, Site [105] 141) had recorded agricultural installations, winepresses, cisterns, quarries and watchman’s huts on the slopes of a rounded hill.
Caves. Four caves (Sites 9–12), hewn in chalk bedrock and situated close together, were surveyed. Cave 9 is a loculus cave (Survey of Jerusalem, the Southern Sector, Site [105] 92). Cave 12(Survey of Jerusalem, the Southern Sector, Site [105] 92; Fig. 3) is a complex of three rock-hewn caverns, separated by a partition wall. The quality of the quarrying is excellent and no signs of loculi or plaster on the sides were visible.
Buildings and Watchman’s Huts.Four buildings (Sites 4, 5, 18 and 19), surrounded by ancient terraces, were surveyed. The ruinous Building 4 has survived by a corner that was preserved two courses high. Building 5 is a rectangular watchman’s hut (3×4 m) that was built of medium-sized fieldstones, with flagstones lying alongside. Buildings 18 and 19 are situated beneath stone clearance heaps (Fig. 4).
Walls and Terraces. Numerous terraces were discerned, particularly in the environs of the buildings; however, only terraces and walls whose construction indicates they are ancient (Sites 1–3, 6), were mapped.
Rock-cuttings and Cupmarks. Site 8 seems to be a quarry where small and medium-sized stones were hewn. A deep, narrow cupmark was discovered in Site 17 and signs of rock-cuttings were visible near it.
Mostly building remains and farming terraces were discovered in and around the Rosmarin Junction, while rock-hewn installations were also noted in the vicinity of Deir Tantur and the tunnel-road junction. These areas seem to have been part of Jerusalem’s agricultural hinterland over the years. Other hewn caves and rock-cuttings were found along the continuation of Road 4’s planned route, and these seem to have belonged to a burial compound, located at the foot of Beit Safafa (Survey of Jerusalem, the Southern Sector, Site [105] 91).