Square A1 (Fig. 3). The base of a modern wall (W102), carelessly built of different size fieldstones, was exposed. Beneath it was a meager wall (W110), built of three large fieldstones; at a slightly higher level than its base, bowls (Fig. 4:2–4) dating to the Mamluk period were found. Below this stratum of brown soil was a layer (c. 0.5 m) of small stones, numerous potsherds and glass fragments from the Hellenistic (Fig. 4:11) and Late Roman period (Fig. 4:10). The bottom stratum in the square was a layer of pale yellow material (L107), which contained glass fragments, raw glass and debris from glass production, near a single ashlar (0.4×0.5 m). The pottery finds included bowls (Fig. 4:1, 5, 6) and jars (Fig. 4:7–9) that dated to the Middle Roman period (second–third centuries CE).

Square A2 (Fig. 5). An accumulation layer of large stones, mixed with potsherds that included bowls (Fig. 6:1–5) and a cooking pot (Fig. 6:6) from the Ottoman period, was revealed. Beneath it was a layer, without large stones, which dated to the Umayyad period and was placed on a stone pavement (L116, L117) that was partially preserved over half of the square. The pottery fragments above and below the floor dated to the Umayyad period; hence the floor was also dated to this period. Large white tesserae, ex situ, were found below the stone floor. A wall in the northern part of the square (W113), whose base was deeper than the stone pavement, was built of uneven ashlars and dated, based on the potsherds between its stones, to the Late Byzantine–Umayyad periods. Wall 113 severed an earlier wall (W115) whose date is unclear. Wall 115, perpendicular to W113, was built of partly dressed stones, arranged widthwise.

The architecture in the layer of the
Byzantine–Umayyad periods points to the presence of at least one building and a pavement, probably located outside the excavation area. A glass workshop was most likely located nearby.