A winepress (3.6×7.5 m; Fig 1) hewn in kurkar bedrock was discovered in the northern part of the excavation area. The winepress consisted of a work surface, a filtration pit and a collecting vat; the filtration pit, used for straining the grape skins, points to the apparent production of white wine. The treading floor did not survive
Work surface. This surface was surrounded by walls in the north (W10; length 3.6 m, width 0.7 m), south (W12; length 3.6 m, width 0.75 m), west (W11; length 5.7 m, width 0.7 m) and east (W13; length 5.7 m, width 0.8 m), preserved 0.5 m high. Walls 10 and 11 were built of small and medium fieldstones, whereas Walls 12 and 13 consisted of large roughly hewn stones and small and medium fieldstones. The walls had no binding material and their interior surface was coated with white hydraulic plaster (thickness 4–6 cm). The filtration pit and the collecting vat were integrated in the work surface.
Filtration Pit (L106; 1.75×2.00 m, depth 0.5 m). The floor of the pit was coated with white hydraulic plaster and sloped to the south, toward W14 (length 2 m, width 0.5 m; Fig. 2). The must flowed to the collecting vat by way of a tunnel (L110; diam. 0.1 m) that was incorporated in W14.
Collecting Vat (L108; 2×2 m, depth c. 2 m). The floor of the collecting vat was also coated with white hydraulic plaster and a sump (L109; diam. 0.8 m, depth 0.36 m) was in its center.
A circular rock-cutting (L104; diam. 1.25 m, depth 0.64 m; Fig. 3), which had a straight and smooth bottom, was exposed c. 16 m south of the winepress. The rock-cutting was probably associated with collecting and storing agricultural produce, or was perhaps a refuse pit.
The fills in the filtration pit and the collecting vat (L100, L101) and in the rock-cutting (L102–L104) contained potsherds, including red-slipped bowls (Fig. 4:1, 2), the base of a neck that belonged to a red-slipped krater (Fig. 4:3), a krater with a pair of handles (Fig. 4:4) and jars (Fig. 4:5–7), all dating to the Hellenistic period.
The winepress joins other winepresses, dating from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic period, which had previously been exposed in the region and it renders further validity to the assertion that viticulture and wine production played a central role in the region's economy. The winepress was abandoned at the end of the Hellenistic period, when the nearby settlement was in decline and most of the industrial and agricultural installations around it were no longer in use.