Square 1 (Fig. 2). The remains of two walls (W6, W7) were exposed. To the east of these walls was a section of a pavement (L101), consisting mostly of flat, medium-sized stones placed on a bedding of compacted soil. No remains were discovered in a probe excavated beneath the pavement (L119). The finds that were uncovered were close to the surface and had been damaged by orchard trees. The pottery sherds found in the square date to the Late Byzantine period (not drawn).
Squares 2, 3 (Fig. 2). Two level were identified. The lower level was discerned in Square 2, where several features dating to the Early Roman period were discovered, including the collapse of a stone wall on the bedrock (L117). No remains of this level were found in Sq 3, although it was excavated down to the natural hamra (L131). The upper level, which was identified in both squares, yielded remains of a pavement built of flat stones and white plaster (L102, L103). This level, which probably dates to the Late Byzantine period, was severely damaged by the orchard trees.
In addition, an irregular shaped pit (L115) filled with ash was exposed. Small fragments of a clay tobacco pipe (not drawn) were found in the upper part of the pit. The pit was evidently a firepit used for burning during the Ottoman period.
Square 4 (Fig. 3). Remains of a pavement (L104) built of large stones placed directly on natural soil were exposed. Late Byzantine-period pottery sherds (not drawn) date the pavement to that period.
Squares 5, 6 (Fig. 3). Several sections of the foundation course of a wall (W1) were exposed. Another wall (W8) might have abutted W1. Part of a floor (L106) built of stones and plaster and set directly on the natural hamra soil (L112) were exposed in the northeastern corner of Sq 6. In the northern part of Sq 5 was a raised strip (L105) consisting of plaster fragments and several small stones; its function remains unclear. The western part of W1 was abutted by two superimposed levels of tamped soil (L111, L123). Two large, collapsed stones were found above Level 123. The finds from these squares (not drawn) date to the end of the Roman period and the Early Byzantine period (third–fourth centuries CE).
Squares 7, 8, 11, 13 (Fig. 4). Remains of an oil press dating to the Late Byzantine period were found. It features a large square stone with two square hollows hewn inside it that served as a base for upright piers that secured press beam. A large collecting vat (L116), into which the oil flowed after pressing, and a surrounding white mosaic surface (L108) were exposed. Only a section of one wall (W10) survived from the walls that originally enclosed the oil press. Several floor sections (L122, L127–L129, L134, L135) were built of small, flat fieldstones with crushed chalk between them. Natural hamra, devoid of finds, was revealed in a probe excavated in Sq 7 (L107). Pottery sherds dating to the Byzantine period were found on Floors 122 and 135; these included fragments of a bowl (Fig. 5:1), a casserole (Fig. 5:2), cooking pots (Fig. 5:3–7) and jars (Fig. 5:8–10).
Squares 9, 10 (Fig. 4). Part of a Byzantine-period (sixth century CE) building was exposed. Its walls (W2–W5, W9), which survived to a height of one course, were built of roughly hewn fieldstones arranged alongside each other without mortar. Two construction phases were identified in the building. Walls 2 and 9 were constructed in the first phase. Wall 2 was interrupted in the south when Wall 3 was erected above it in the second phase. Wall 9 was built on compacted earth (L130); numerous pottery sherds dating to the Early Roman period were discovered around it, among them fragments of Eastern Terra Sigillata tableware (Fig. 6:1), cooking pots (Fig. 6:2, 3), jars (Fig. 6:4–6), amphoras (Fig. 6:7, 8), a jug (Fig. 6:9) and a juglet (Fig. 6:10). The wall was probably dismantled in the second construction phase, when a square building was erected (W3–W5). Only the western part of the building was unearthed, and the remaining walls likely served as foundations. Its floor was not exposed; a large amount of collapsed stones was lay on the natural soil in the center of the building.
Square 12 (Fig. 7), which was damaged by mechanical equipment, revealed a soil layer containing numerous pottery sherds. Remains of a chalk floor (L133) with a large amount of pottery (not drawn) dating to the Early Roman period and a wall with threshold stone were discovered.
Remains dating to for periods were exposed. Those ascribed to the Early Roman and Late Roman–Early Byzantine periods were meager and contribute little toward our understanding of the nature of the site. The most significant stratum at the site, dated to the Byzantine period, is represented by the remains of a small oil press, which probably belonged to a small farmhouse. A firepit attributed to the Ottoman period was also discovered. The finds from all of the periods are scant and scattered, indicating low intensity occupational activities, perhaps of small farmhouses.