A concentration of rock-hewn installations is noteworthy in the northern region, including a large winepress (30; Survey of Jerusalem, Site [102] 48) that consisted of three treading floors surrounded by cupmarks (27, 29, 31) and a hewn pit (28; Fig. 4). A winepress (32) is located on a hilltop and nearby, two rectangular rock-hewn pits, probably graves (33, 34; Fig. 5). Two winepresses (38, 39; Figs. 6, 7), each consisting of a square treading floor and a rectangular collecting vat, had recesses for beams hewn in the sides of the treading floor; Winepress 38 had been surveyed in the past (Survey of Jerusalem, Site [102] 21). An ancient road (26) aligned east west and passing south of the concentration of installations, was delimited by two rows of fieldstones. A hewn cistern (50; Survey of Jerusalem, Site [102] 22) was surveyed in the west and close to it were ancient farming terraces (45–47, 51).Other farming terraces (35, 37, 41–44), a hewn basin (48), installation (49), quarrying marks (36) and the remains of a building that could be a watchman’s hut (40) were also recorded.
The southern region is characterized mainly by farming terraces (7, 8, 11, 20–22, 25) and cupmarks (1–3, 12, 15, 16, 18). Other documented features were quarries (4, 5), a potsherd scattering (6), caves (9, 17, 23, 24), field walls (13, 19), a limekiln (10; Fig. 8) and a winepress (14).
A sparse scattering of potsherds dating to the Iron Age and the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods was observed mainly in the northern region.
The numerous agricultural installations in the northern region point to farming activity that had taken place in the past and was associated with Khirbat Ras et-Tawil.