The surveys indicate that settlement remains at Khirbat el-Bira (c. 30 dunams; Map of Lod [80], Site 33) extend mainly across a ravine and a gentle spur that descends to the west and date to Iron Age II and the Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods. Half of the area is covered with residential buildings and rock-hewn installations (winepresses, olive presses, a limekiln, cisterns and water reservoirs); tombs were discovered in the other half. The agricultural land of Khirbat el-Bira is located west of the settlement, in a small valley whose soil is terra rossa.
Five squares (1–5; Fig. 1) were opened in two excavation areas (A, B), located c. 200 m apart in the agricultural area of Khirbat el-Bira. Two enclosure walls (W10, W20; Fig. 2) delimiting cultivation plots and four farming terraces (W30, W40, W50, W60; Fig. 3), which are characteristic of foothill farming, were exposed. All the walls were founded on soil, built of unworked fieldstones and preserved one–three courses high. Most walls consisted of a single row of stones, except for W30 that comprised two rows of stones.
The ceramic finds from most of the squares were meager and included ribbed body fragments of bag-shaped store jars. The base of a Late Roman C bowl (Hayes, Form III; Fig. 4:12) and a krater with a folded rim and horizontal decoration of combed lines (Fig. 4:14), known from the end of the Byzantine until the end of the Early Islamic periods, were discovered in Square 5. stratum (L201; max. thickness 0.48 m; Figs. 3: Section 1-1, 5) was discovered in Square 2; it included small fieldstones and a large amount of worn potsherds, among them Late Roman C bowls (Fig. 4:1–11), kraters (Fig. 4:13), ribbed body fragments, handles, a few bases and rims of ribbed jars, a bag-shaped jar (Fig. 4:15), which is very common to assemblages dating from the end of the sixth until the eight centuries CE, and a pithos handle (Fig. 4:16). A roulette design occurs on the rim of one of the bowls (Fig. 4:6).
The finds from this excavation, as well as the rock-hewn agricultural installations, such as cisterns, water reservoirs, winepresses and olive presses, discovered to its east (ESI 1), reflect the agrarian nature of the site. The agricultural installations point to the production of wine and olive oil, which was an important branch in the agriculture of Israel. A workshop exposed at Khirbat el-Bira was probably meant for processing grain, which was most likely grown using irrigation.
The ceramic finds from the excavation show that the agricultural activity in the small valley near Khirbat el-Bira occurred during the Byzantine period.