The wall was built of two rows of different size dressed stones and a core of debesh. White plaster (thickness 3 cm) was applied to the upper courses on the wall’s southern side. Dressed stones, which had collapsed from the wall’s upper courses, were found above surface on either of its sides. The northeastern section of the wall was founded on a thick bed (L103, L300; min. thickness 0.3 m) of potsherds. Its southeastern part was set on a layer of medium-sized, round and elliptical fieldstones, mixed with potsherds (L205; min. thickness c. 0.35 m). The wall’s foundation, characteristic of continental construction near the sea, was apparently set on muddy ground close to the shoreline, to stabilize the wall and protect its base from the undermining sea waves. The potsherds recovered from the foundation were ascribed to Iron Age III (seventh century BCE) and included bases of open bowls (Fig. 4:2, 3), kraters (Fig. 4:4, 6–9) and jars (Fig. 4:10, 11).
A floor of roughly hewn kurkar slabs (L203), which abutted the top of the third course on the southern side of the wall, was exposed in Square C. The floor was founded on a natural accumulation of sand that was devoid of any finds. Mixed ceramic artifacts were discovered on the floor, mostly dating to Iron Age III (not illustrated) and some, e.g., a jar (Fig 4:14), are dated to the Hellenistic period. A glazed bowl fragment, dating to the Ottoman period (Fig. 4:17), was found on the floor, but could be a later penetration. A small floor section of kurkar slabs was exposed in Square A. It abutted the northwestern side of the wall, although at a higher elevation (L104; 2.5 m above the base of the wall). No ceramic finds were discovered on it.
The fill that abutted the wall in Square C, from the elevation above Floor 203 to the top of the wall (L201, L202), contained a mixed assemblage of pottery vessels, which included a krater (Fig. 4:5) and a kernos (?; Fig. 4:13), dating to Iron Age III; a deep cooking pot with a ledge rim that has no slip and is glazed on the inside (Fig. 4:15; M. Avissar and E.J. Stern 2005. Pottery of the Crusader, Ayyubid, and Mamluk Periods in Israel [IAA Reports 26]. Jerusalem. Fig. 39: 7), dating to the Crusader period; as well as a pipe with the end of a blowpipe (diam. 1.3 m), slipped gray and burnished and adorned with a rouletted decoration (Fig. 4:18), dating to the nineteenth–twentieth centuries CE. A fragment of a deep bowl from the Crusader period (Fig. 4:16) is an import from Egypt. It has a yellow glaze applied to a white slip on the exterior and interior and a yellow decoration that imitates writing (Avissar and Stern 2005: Pl. XII: 7). Fragments of pottery vessels on the surface (L101) included a krater (Fig. 4:1), dating to Iron Age I and a handle of a basket jar (Fig. 4:12), dating to Iron Age III.
Due to the limited excavation area and the extensive damage caused to the ancient remains, as a result of construction and infrastructure works over the years, it is difficult to determine with certainty the chronological association of the wall. The method of its construction can be attributed to both Phoenician and Crusader building techniques, yet the composition of finds in the foundation seems to indicate it should be dated to Iron Age III or the Persian period (sixth or fifth centuries BCE).