Two excavation squares (A, B; each c. 4×6 m) were opened alongside a modern building at the northern end of the site, after the area was inspected with the aid of mechanical equipment to locate the ancient remains. Three strata (Fig. 1), one from the Byzantine period (III), and two from the Ottoman period (II, I), were discovered and are described below from the earliest to the latest.
Stratum III. A section of a wall (W108; length 0.7 m, width 0.45 m) was exposed in the southeastern corner of Square B. The wall, aligned north–south, was built of ashlars without mortar and survived a single course high. Several fragments of ribbed jars dating to the Byzantine period (Fig. 2:1, 2) were recovered from the soil accumulations, underlying the wall.
Stratum II. Remains that belong to two construction phases of one or two residential buildings were exposed in Square B (Fig. 3). Three walls (W102, W106, W107), preserved a single course high and built of stones without mortar, were attributed to the early phase (IIb). Wall 102 (length 4. 7 m, width 0.62 m) consisted of different size, roughly worked stones that were founded on a layer of soil. The spaces between the stones were found filled with soil and small stones, which were probably an accumulation that postdated the wall’s collapse. It seems that W107 (length 0.4 m, width 0.4 m) was built in a similar manner, although only a short section of it that abutted W102, was exposed. Wall 106 (length 1.49 m, width 0.62 m) was built of meticulously worked stones of various sizes. A white plaster floor (L514) abutted the southern end of W102 from the east. Floor 514 is probably related to a white plaster floor at a similar elevation in the eastern part of the square (L507), which extended beyond the limits of the excavation. Fragments of bowls, some of which are glazed (Fig. 2:3–9), and jars (not illustrated), dating to the Ottoman period, were found in the fill above Floor 507 and in the floor itself.
Two walls (W109, W110) that formed a corner belonged to the later phase (IIa). The walls were built of different size stones that were partly roughly worked.It seems that W110 was set on top of Floor 507/514 of the early phase.Wall 109, whose southern face was only exposed, was severed very close to W106 and thus, it was difficult to determine the stratigraphic relationship between them.
Stratum I. The eastern end of a large residential building (Fig. 3) was exposed. It included an eastern room (3.2×3.6 m) and the end of another room that was founded on fill and on the wall remains of Stratum II. The walls (W100, W101, W104, W105; width 0.5–0.6 m), exposed just below the surface, survived one–two courses high and were built of various size fieldstones without mortar, some partially worked. At least part of W105 was founded on the remains of W110, whereas W104 was constructed on fill, as well as on the remains of Walls 102 and 110.Wall 100 was founded on fill (L502) that contained ceramic finds, including a jar rim (Fig. 2:12), which dated to the Ottoman period. The floors of the building did not survive. Wall 100 was abutted from the south by fill (L504, L505) that also contained potsherds dating to the Ottoman period, including a bowl (Fig. 2:11) and a base of a jug (Fig. 2:15). The area north of the building was quite disturbed, due to the installation of a water line and other development work; however, there too, as well as in the surface layers, artifacts that dated to the Ottoman period, including a bowl (Fig. 2:10), jar rims (Fig. 2:13, 14) and a lamp (Fig. 2:16), were discovered.
The building remains dating to the Ottoman period indicate that this part of the village was a residential area. Due to the limited and fragmented excavation area it was difficult to determine with any degree of certainty the stratigraphic relationship between the two construction phases of Stratum II. Moreover, the ceramic finds are too meager to assist in dating the construction phases of the Ottoman period. Nonetheless, these artifacts join the finds from adjacent excavations and together, they form a picture of a village that consisted of large and well-constructed buildings.