Building Remains. The tops of walls were noted at Sites 2, 3, 6, 29, 33 and 50. Some were built of coarsely dressed stones and some – of well-dressed stones; numerous fragments of pottery vessels from the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods were found in the vicinity of the walls. A threshold stone was incorporated in one of the walls at Site 2. A vaulted structure, remains of another building, a cave, cisterns and subterranean cavities were discovered at Site 5. The upper part of the vaulted structure (2.5 × 2.8 m) was built and its lower part – rock-hewn. A built niche that was found blocked with stones and soil in the southwestern wall may have led to another room. A raised area (15 × 15 m) where ancient building stones are scattered was probably another building. The cave had a rock-hewn façade and a rectangular opening (width 0.67 m) that was curved at the top. One of the cisterns had a double opening (diam. 0.8 m, 0.9 m) and a capstone (0.8 × 0.8 m) of a cistern had a hewn frame around the opening (diam. 0.5 m) for placing a lid. An opening (diam. 0.5 m) found blocked with a stone was built of medium-sized fieldstones and led to an underground complex by way of a built shaft; another opening built in a similar manner was discovered. A shallow rock-cut installation (0.4 × 0.8 m) was also documented.
Many dressed stones, as well as fragments of pottery vessels and white tesserae, were found on a raised area at Site 34.
Burial Caves. Cave 22 was hewn in a high bedrock cliff; it had a rectangular opening that faced north (1 × 2 m), which led to an inner chamber (4 × 5 m). A rock-cut bodeda, composed of a circular crushing surface and a collecting basin, was hewn near the opening. A hewn rectangular shaft (1.0 × 1.6 m, depth 2 m), c. 2 m south of the opening, may be connected to the cave. Cave 38 had a hewn courtyard (min. length 1.1 m, width 2.5 m). A small niche in the upper western side of the courtyard was possibly intended for a lamp. The cave’s opening and its facade (min. height 1.4 m) were found covered with soil. Cave 39 had a rock-hewn façade (min. height 1 m). Cave 43 had a rectangular opening with rounded upper corners (width 0.75; Fig. 2), which was enclosed within a hewn frame. A hewn shelf extended along the façade, above the opening of the cave. Signs of rock-cutting were visible around the cave.
Rock-hewn Installations. The installations were found covered with soil and vegetation and therefore, their depth could not be measured; most were rectangular (4, 11, 21, 25, 41, 46; from 0.5 × 1.0 m to 1.4 × 2.0 m). Rectangular installations with cupmarks nearby were found at Sites 15 and 17. A bodeda, composed of a circular crushing surface (diam. c. 1 m) and a storage cupmark (diam. 0.45 m), was found at Site 14. Bedrock-hewn cupmarks (diam. 0.12, 0.18 m) were adjacent to the bodeda on the north and east. A subterranean cavity was located below the bodeda and the cupmarks. A square basin (0.52 × 0.53 m, depth 0.2 m) was cut at Site 13 and a round basin (diam. 0.7 m, min. depth 0.3 m) was hewn on an adjacent rock to the east. Basin 20 and Cupmarks 35 and 36 (diam. 0.6 m, 0.22 m, 0.35 m) were bedrock-hewn; the latter were found filled with soil. Basin 45 (diam. 0.6 m) was hewn in a leveled bedrock outcrop (10 × 15 m).
Winepress. Winepress 23 had a small treading floor (1.0 × 1.3 m) whose western side was broken and a round collecting vat (diam. 0.46 m).
Columbarium (12; Fig. 3). Two sides of the columbarium, which contained twelve niches, had survived. The columbarium was in an area that has probably been used later as a quarry.
Well (32; diam. 3.4 m) filled with water was found. A metal installation on the upper part of the well was topped with a vaulted structure (height 2.5 m); the well and the structure were built of dressed stones.
Cisterns. Cistern 1 (diam. of opening 0.5 m, depth c. 5 m) had a capstone that was hewn in a square stone (0.7 × 0.7 m), with a small cupmark on its western side. Cistern 10 was found blocked with stones and soil.
Quarries. Extensive areas around the built compound of the monastery were identified as quarries. Severance channels (8, 18, 28, 44, 45, 47–49) were visible in most of them and others had quarrying steps in accordance with the topography (9, 16, 19), which indicated the removal of stones (0.3 × 0.4 × 0.7 m). Two quarries (37, 40) were found covered with soil.
Site 47 was a large area (50 × 100 m) where signs of quarrying (to a depth of 2 m) were visible, as well as a number of cupmarks and hewn basins. A cave (min. dimensions 10 × 15 m) that may have been used as a dwelling was located in the northeastern corner of the site, below a bedrock cliff with rock-cuttings on it. A burial kokh hewn nearby was probably all that remained after its surroundings were quarried away. Two other caves that may have been used for burials were found in the center of the site.
Stone Clearance Heaps. A heap (24; diam. c. 3 m) of small and medium fieldstones was discovered.
Terrace Walls. Most of the walls (30, 31, 42) were built of two rows of fieldstones and roughly hewn stones in secondary use, with a core of small stones. Wall 27 (length c. 27 m) was curved and built of a single row of large fieldstones. Just to its west was an installation (1.4 × 2.1 m) whose lower half was rock-hewn and upper half was built of fieldstones.
A column fragment of hard stone (7; diam. 0.65 m, length 0.9 m) was incorporated in the construction of a retaining wall in the monastery’s storage compound.