During July 2011, a trial excavation was conducted along the northeastern fringes of Nein (Permit No. A-6204; map ref. 233250–75/726160–85), prior to construction of a private residence. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the contractor, was directed by O. Zeidan, with the assistance of Y. Ya‘aqobi (administration), R. Liron (surveying), Y. Bibas (field photography), W. Atrash (guidance), and H. Tahan-Rosen (pottery drawing).
The current excavation (20 sq m; Fig. 1) was on the eastern fringes of the settlement and remains of a building from the Early Islamic period (Stratum I) and a wall dating to the Late Roman period (Stratum II; Fig. 2) were exposed.
The layer of surface soil (depth 0.7 m) was removed at the beginning of the excavation and the two strata were exposed that dated on the basis of the recovered ceramic artifacts.
Stratum II. A wall (W12; length 4 m, width 1.15 m, height 0.2 m; Figs. 2, 3) built of dressed limestone and Roman cement was aligned east–west. The wall, built into a layer of sterile soil, was preserved two courses high; both of its ends extended beyond the limits of the excavation. The wall was dated to the Late Roman period on the basis of pottery that was exposed near it and below its foundation. A variety of potsherds was found, including a cooking pot (Fig. 4:2), a Kefar Hananya Type 3B bowl (Fig. 4:1) and a jar (Fig. 4:4).
Stratum I. A section of a wall (W16; length 1.8 m, width 0.9 m; Figs. 2, 5) that belonged to a structure built of basalt and limestone fieldstones was exposed. The wall was oriented north–south; its southern end extended beyond the excavation limits, whereas its northern part was severely damaged. The wall was preserved three courses high (1.05 m). A section of a floor foundation (L15) that consisted of small fieldstones mixed with lumps of plaster and tesserae was discovered west of W16. The foundation and the wall negated Wall 12 (Fig. 6). The ceramic finds exposed between the stones in the floor foundation dated to the Early Islamic period. Noteworthy among these are a cooking pot (Fig. 4:3) and a jar with a ridge on its neck and an everted rim (Fig. 4:5).
The excavation results indicate that settlement remains dating to the Late Roman and Early Islamic periods are also present along the northeastern fringes of Nein (Fig. 1).