The excavation was confined to a small area due to existing infrastructures. A segment of a wall (W102; length 6 m, width 0.8 m, preserved height 0.7 m; Fig. 4) built of large, dressed limestone nari blocks, medium-sized fieldstones and small stones was exposed; it was built northwest–southeast and its course is not entirely straight. A floor of small stones (L104) abutted the eastern side of the wall. The pottery sherds on the floor and in the overlying soil accumulation were small body sherds, worn from water flow, but they were recognized as dating mostly to the Roman and Byzantine periods (second–sixth centuries CE; not illustrated) with a very few from the Middle Bronze Age, the Iron Age and the Hellenistic period. The relatively wide width of the wall and its construction—of a combination of large blocks and fieldstones—are not characteristic of Roman–Byzantine-period house walls. Considering the limited remains exposed, the orientation of the wall and its juxtaposition to the small wadi, it is possible that the wall may have been part of an installation that channeled water from the spring to the site of Karm er-Ras in the Roman period. However, no evidence of plaster was found and alternatively, the wall may have bordered a road or pathway. A road made of small stones delimited by two large walls was uncovered in a previous excavation in Kafr Kanna c. 300 m southeast of the present excavation (Alexandre 2009; Fig. 1: A-5478).