Area A (Figs. 3, 4). A level (100 sq m; Fig. 5) of medium (0.2–0.5 × 0.3–0.5 m) and large (0.5–0.8 × 0.6–0.9 m) fieldstones was exposed on an agricultural terrace (width c. 15 m). Most of the stones were laid over a layer of soil, but in several places they were directly on the bedrock. In the western part of the stone level, four fieldstones were set in a row, probably forming part of a wall (W1; Fig. 6). Some of the stones were scored, probably as a result of plowing by the Arab villagers from Bet Natif before 1948. Plowing may have also destroyed architectural remains. The soil accumulation above the stone level (L126, L182) yielded fragments of pottery, including jars from the Late Hellenistic period (Fig. 7:3–8); cooking pots (Fig 7:11, 12) and a cooking jug (Fig. 7:14) from the Early Roman period; and a bowl (Fig.7:17) and a jar (Fig. 7:18) from the Late Roman or Byzantine periods (third–fifth centuries CE). Pottery finds in the soil between the stone level and the bedrock in the west of the area (L103; thickness 0.2 m) included a lamp from the Late Hellenistic period (Fig. 7:9); and cooking pots (Fig. 7:10, 13), a jar (Fig. 7:15) and a jug (Fig. 7:16) from the Early Roman period (until the year 70 CE). A jar ascribed to the Chalcolithic period (Fig. 7:1) was found in the soil beneath W1. The alluvium south of the stone level (L176) contained a cooking pot from the Hellenistic period (Fig. 7:2), as well as fragments of pottery from the Early and Late Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods (not illustrated). A large stone with a hollow carved in it (Fig. 8) and a round stone, possibly a roller or a column-drum (Fig. 9), were exposed on the surface, near the stone level. It seems that these two stoneswere originally from Khirbat Shumeila or from Horbat Bet Natif.
Area B (Fig. 10). A square columbarium cave (L212; c. 5.0 × 6.2 m, height 3.2 m), hewn in soft limestone, was exposed slightly southeast of Area A; it was filled with alluvium up to 1 m below its opening. A square vertical shaft (c. 1 × 1 m, depth 1 m; Fig. 11) led to the cave. Three of its walls had two niches hewn in each, but only one in the fourth, northwestern wall, probably because of a fissure in the rock (Figs. 12, 13). Three niches (each 0.2 × 0.2 m, Fig. 14) were hewn in the eastern wall of the cave; they were only partially preserved, because the rock disintegrated. No other rock-cut niches survived in the cave. The bottom of the cave was hewn level (Figs. 15, 16). Fragments of plaster composed of small stones, lime and a small quantity of ash, were discovered in the cave. The plaster apparently covered parts of the rock that had crumbled, or cracked in the walls. There were also fieldstones of various sizes that collapsed from the ceiling and the walls. The alluvium in the columbarium contained fragments of pottery, among them a jar dating to the Late Hellenistic period (Fig. 17:1); a casserole from the Early Roman period (Fig 17:2); a bowl (Fig. 17:3) and jars (Fig. 17:5–10) from the Late Roman or early Byzantine periods; and bases of bowls from the Mamluk period (Fig. 17:12, 13). Fragments of a cooking pot and a lid from the Late Roman period (Fig. 17:4, 11) were exposed in the soil directly above the bedrock floor. Pottery sherds ascribed to the Late Roman and Byzantine periods were found in an excavation square that surrounded the mouth of the cave.
Area C (Figs. 18–20). A winepress hewn in a rock outcrop was discovered c. 100 m from Area A. It consisted of a square treading floor (L301; 3.0 × 3.2 m) and a rectangular collecting vat (L302; 0.65 × 1.30–1.50 m, depth 0.8 m) connected by a channel. The treading floor sloped slightly to the northeast, toward the collecting vat. An arched niche (0.25 × 0.40 m; height 0.3 m) was cut in the upper part of the treading floor’s eastern wall, and a sunken surface, square and shallow (c. 0.75 × 0.85 m), was cut into the rock outcrop next to that wall. Six small cupmarks (diam. 0.10–0.25 m, depth 0.10–0.15 m) were carved around the winepress. Alluvium and vegetation (thickness 0.1–0.3 m) devoid of finds accumulated in the winepress. Two potsherds dating to the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods were discovered in the soil around it.
The exposed remains were probably part of a farmhouse, which was perhaps connected to the settlement at Khirbat Shumeila or Horbat Bet Natif. The function of the fieldstone level is unclear; the finds from the Late Roman and early Byzantine periods in this level may be from the time of its construction, or they may have drifted from further up the slope. The finds in the columbarium cave and in the winepress apparently also came from the top of slope.