In November 2013, a salvage excavation was conducted at 9 Ha-Shomer Street in Ramla (Permit No. A-6944; map ref. 187871–96/648774–98; Fig. 1), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by the Amsis Brothers Ltd., was directed by Y. Elisha, with the assistance of E. Bachar and Y. Amrani (administration), D. Masarwa (preliminary inspections), A. Peretz (field photography), M. Kunin (surveying), E. Belashov (drafting), A. Dagot (GPS), H. Torgë (ceramics) and M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing).
Abbasid Period. The excavation yielded four construction phases within a series of superimposed floors made of gray mortar. The first phase comprises a single floor (L28; thickness c. 0.1 m; Fig. 2); it contained charcoal remains. The second phase comprises three floors: one (L22; thickness c. 8 cm) which survived in two sections above Floor 28; a floor (L24) sealed between two robber trenches of walls (L17, L21; Figs. 3, 4); and another floor (L15). In the third phase, Floor 15 was renovated (L14; thickness 2–4 cm), and in the fourth phase another wall was built (L13; thickness 6 cm). Pottery sherds dating to the Abbasid period were found in all four phases. These included bowls (Fig. 5:1–6), cooking pots (Fig. 5:7, 8), a jar (Fig. 5:9), jugs (Fig. 5:10, 11) and a roof tile (Fig. 5:12).
Fatimid Period. Remains of two floors (L18, L29) made of crushed and firmly compacted light yellow material were exposed. The floors probably extended across a broad area, but due to modern construction—a building and a sewer line—only patches survived. Pottery sherds of bowl (Fig. 6:1), kraters (Fig. 6:2, 3), jars (Fig. 6:4–6), jugs (Fig. 6:7–12) and a wheel-made lamp (Fig. 6:13) were found.
A modern cesspit (L16) penetrated the archaeological strata in the western part of the area. It was evidently constructed during the time of the British Mandate and continued to be used until the middle of the second half of the twentieth century.