Squares 1, 2
The squares (depth 1.0–1.8 m) were adjacent to each other and separated by a balk (Fig. 2). Five geomorphologic strata were identified (top to bottom): the surface level, consisting of light brown soil and brown agricultural soil (1), a grayish brown old soil [paleosol] (2), reddish brown clayey hamra (3), grayish brown clayey hamra (4), and brown to yellowish brown sandy hamra, devoid of finds (5). Ancient remains were discovered in Strata 3 and 4. The base elevation of the archaeological horizon, which consisted of two phases, was c. 12 m above sea level.
Late Phase. A room (L116; min. dimensions 3×4 m), delimited by three walls that were built of small to medium-sized kurkar, was discovered. The walls were preserved as foundations only (W108, W110/117, W118; Fig. 3); Wall 118 continued to the northeast. Another wall (W120) was exposed south of the room, at the southern end of Square 2. Fragments of pottery vessels were uncovered west of W108 and east of W110; hence, the room was probably part of a building that extended to the south, west and north. Numerous potsherds and fragments of stone vessels were found in Room 116, including bowls, cooking pots, store jars and jugs that mostly dated to the Roman period (see below).
Early Phase. This layer contained potsherds and the late phase was built it. In addition to the pottery types that appeared in the late phase, the potsherds recovered from this phase dated to the Persian and Hellenistic periods.
Squares 3, 4
The squares (depth 0.8–1.4 m; Fig. 4) were adjacent to one another. Three geomorphological strata were identified (top to bottom): the surface level that consisted of brown agricultural soil (1), dark gray soil that contained organic material (2) and reddish brown clayey hamra at the bottom of which was sandy hamra (3). The base elevation of the archaeological horizon was c. 11.5 m above sea level, within the clayey hamra layer (3).
A number of medium-sized stones, whose nature is unclear, were discovered in disarrangement and several worn potsherds that mostly dated to the Roman period were found.
Most of the pottery vessels dated from the Early Roman period (end of first century BCE–first century CE) to the Middle Roman period (end of first century CE–second century CE), including mostly cooking vessels (Fig. 5:1–6) and store jars (Fig. 5:7–13). Unfortunately, it was not possible to date the ceramic assemblage and the architectural remains in Squares 1 and 2 more precisely.
A number of potsherds that dated to the Persian and Hellenistic periods were found. These included a mortarium (Fig. 6:1), characteristic of the Persian period (sixth–fourth centuries BCE); a Black Glazed Molded bowl (Fig. 6:2) and a cooking pot (Fig. 6:5) from the early phase of the Hellenistic period (third century BCE), as well as hemispheric bowls (Fig. 6:3, 4) and jars (Fig. 6:6–10) from the later phase of the Hellenistic period (second century BCE), some of which continued into the Early Roman period.