During November 2003 a development survey was conducted between the industrial zone in Modi‘in and Wadi ‘Anaba (Permit No. A-4049*; map ref. NIG 1940–7/64500–62; OIG 1440–7/14500–62), along the route of a planned sewer line. The survey, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was directed by L. Barda and I. Korenfeld.
The remains of walls built of dressed stones and fieldstones (Fig. 1:1, 2), as well as flint flakes and numerous potsherds, dating to the Iron Age(?), Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic, Mamluk and Ottoman periods, were found on the eastern fringes of Horbat Nekhes.
On a rocky hillside north of Horbat Nekhes was a concentration of flint implements (map ref. NIG 195766/644470; OIG 145766/144470; Fig. 1:4), farming terraces and field walls, stone clearance heaps, two water cisterns (Fig.1:10, 24), a rectangular vertical rock-cutting that may be a burial cave and a cupmark (Fig. 1:23). A concentration of dressed masonry stones in secondary use was found in the field walls (Fig. 1:18–20).
The potsherds, tesserae and bones from the Roman and Byzantine periods, which were scattered on gray soil (Fig. 1:17) may have originated from Horbat Nekhes, located to the south.