In June 2013, a trial excavation was conducted at Bet-Lehem Ha-Gelilit (Permit No. A-6842; map ref. 217500–5/737800–5), prior to the construction of a residential building. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by L. Porat, with the assistance of W. Atrash (scientific guidance), Y. Lavan and Y. Ya‘aqobi (administration), A. Hajian and M. Kunin (surveying and drafting), Y. Bibas (photography), N. Feig (ceramics) and H. Tahan-Rosen (pottery drawing).
Stratum 2. A wall (W19) built of basalt fieldstones and a floor (L18) made of tamped earth and small fieldstones that abutted the wall were discovered. Pottery sherds were found in and on the floor. These included a mortarium dating to the Persian period (Fig. 3:1), a jar from the Hellenistic period (Fig. 3:2) and three bowls (Fig. 3:3–5), a jar (Fig. 3:6) and a jug (Fig. 3:7) from the Roman period.
Stratum 1. Remains of two walls (W11, W13) and an adjoining floor (L12) were exposed. The walls were built of limestone fieldstones founded on the architectural remains of Stratum 2. Floor 12 consisted of tamped earth and small fieldstones. Fragments of pottery vessels from the Byzantine period (fifth–seventh centuries CE) were exposed in the floor bedding, including a CRS2 bowl (Fig. 4:1), cooking pot (Fig. 4:2) and three jars (Fig. 4:3–5). It seems that remains uncovered in the excavation lay at the center of the settlement from the Roman and Byzantine periods.
Dalali-Amos E. 2011.
em Ha-Gelilit. HA-ESI 123
Oshri A. 1998. Bet Lehem of Galilee. ESI 18:29–30.
Ovadia A. 1965. A Mosaic Floor in Bet-Lehem Ha-Gelilit. HA 14:7–8 (Hebrew).