The western winepress (Fig. 2) consisted of a trapezoidal treading floor (1.65 × 2.50 m) with two deep recesses in its sides (diam. 0.33 m, depth 0.41 m). North of the treading floor was a rectangular collecting vat (0.78 × 1.08 m, depth 0.42 m), with a hewn niche at the bottom. Two perforations (diam. 0.17 m) in the bedrock partition (thickness 0.2 m) between the collecting vat and the treading floor connected the two.
This winepress was similar to the winepresses excavated at Migdal Ha-‘Emeq (‘Atiqot 34:195–197), which were dated to the Middle Bronze Age.
The treading floor (2.08 × 4.60 m) in the eastern winepress (Fig. 3) was damaged in antiquity when ashlar masonry stones were quarried in its western part and the paving of a road in the modern era destroyed its southern part. A square mortise in the center of the area became wider toward the bottom (0.23 × 0.30 m, depth 0.2 m) and secured a screw press that was used to squeeze grape skins. Two conduits that connected between the treading floor and the mortise were cut in the bedrock partition (thickness 0.3 m) that separated the two. The rectangular collecting vat (1.10 × 1.37 m, depth 1.3 m) had a wide step in the west, to which a shallow gutter of unclear purpose led. A rectangular pit (0.53 × 0.60 m, depth 0.2 m) paved with a white mosaic was hewn in the southwestern corner of the vat’s floor. Traces of plaster on the walls of the collecting vat were embedded with potsherds from the Roman period, indicating the date of the winepress.