In May 2018, a well was documented on Nizzan Street in Or Yehuda (188038–551/659139–275; Fig. 1), prior to the construction. The documentation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by A. Bouchenino (field photography), with the assistance of Architect G. Gordon, R. Hedvati (the Council for Conservation of Heritage Sites in Israel), Y. Barshak (photography archive), A. Dagot (GPS) and A. Ayalon (consultation).
The well (diam. 3 m, depth 12 m; Fig. 3) was lined to its full depth with dressed kurkar stones. A toothed wheel, the transmission frame, three round iron pump rods and three bearings from the pumping facility were preserved; steel beams supported the pumping equipment. The pump was operated by an engine which was fixed outside the well. It operated a large drive wheel, which was connected to the transmission via a round iron shaft. The transmission was composed of two toothed wheels. These drove three round iron pump rods, which reached the bottom of the well. A bearing connected to the middle of each rod converted the circular motion of the toothed wheel into the vertical motion of the pump rod. Each iron rod and the bearing attached to it formed a separate unit that pumped independently of the other two.
The well was probably one of several wells that supplied the water for the citrus groves of Kafr ‘Ana. Such rod-operated pumps were first used in the country in the mid-1890s.