All that remained of the road was a layer of asphalt and a roadbed of small and medium-sized fieldstones. Right below the road in Square A2, a wall (W1; width 0.5 m, min. height 1.45 m; Fig. 4), built of two rows of fieldstones and medium and large roughly worked stones, arranged in separate courses, with smaller stones in-between, was exposed. The mortar used in the wall contained lime, charcoal and potsherds. The wall, apparently severed when the road was paved, continued beneath the level where the excavation had stopped and its full preservation height is unknown. A plaster floor (L102) abutted the western side of W1, which bore traces of white plaster. Floor 102 rested on a bedding of small fieldstones, overlaying soil fill that contained a large quantity of gravel and charcoal, as well as human and animal bones (L107; thickness c. 0.3 m). A wall (W4; Fig. 5) was exposed beneath the floor bedding; it leaned against the western side of W1 indicating that the latter existed for at least two construction phases. A single course (height 0.35 m) was preserved of W4, which also continued below the level reached by the excavation. Wall 4 was built of a single row of medium-sized fieldstones; fill of small fieldstones and lime-based mortar with potsherds was deposited between Walls 1 and 4. During the excavation, a pit was breached between W4 and the western balk of the square; a built cavern at a lower level was discerned, yet it was not excavated due to safety considerations.
The eastern end of a vault (W3), generally aligned east–west, was discovered in Square A1, c. 2 m below the surface (Fig. 6). The end of the vault was constructed on top a wall (W3a), built of large and medium fieldstones that were bonded with lime and charcoal. Only four courses of the wall were exposed in the balk of the square. Another wall (W2; height 0.7 m) could be discerned on top of the vault in the balk; it was severed by a pit (L103) dug to the top of the vault, which contained gravel mixed with human and animal bones.
The excavation did not yield clean loci. The date of the ceramic artifacts spanned the Iron Age to the Ottoman period. These included burnished bowls (Fig. 7:1, 2), a burnished krater (Fig. 7:3) and a holemouth jar (Fig. 7:4) from the Iron Age, and a lamp (Fig. 7:5) from the Persian period; jars (Fig. 8:1, 2) from the Hellenistic period; a cooking pot (Fig. 8:3) and a juglet (Fig. 8:4) from the Early Roman period; and imported bowls (Fig. 8:5–7), among them red burnished bowls (Fig. 8:5) from the Early Byzantine period. The pottery from the Late Byzantine and the Umayyad periods included bowls (Fig. 9:1–6), a krater (Fig. 9:7), jars (Fig. 9:8–10) and a small grenade-type bottle (Fig. 9:11). The finds from the Middle Ages included glazed bowls (Fig. 10:1–4) and a handmade bowl (Fig. 10:5), cooking pots (Fig. 10:6–8), among them a handmade cooking pot (Fig. 10:6), jars (Fig. 10:9, 10) and a jug (Fig. 10:11). Glazed bowls (Fig. 10:12) and a jug (Fig. 10:13) were ascribed to the Mamluk period. The pottery attributed to the Ottoman period consisted of plain body fragments.
Other finds included a roof tile from the Byzantine period that bears a round stamped impression (Fig. 11), a limestone sling stone, pieces of marble, a basalt weight, a stone-vessel fragment, numerous tesserae, as well as five coins that date as follows: 41/42 CE (IAA 124101), 67/68 CE (IAA 124102), fourth century CE (IAA 124103), 534–539 CE (IAA 124104) and the eighth century CE (IAA 124105).
The fragmentary building remains did not join up to form a complete plan. Two different construction techniques were employed for the two main architectural elements, Wall 1 and the vault; therefore, it seems that they should be ascribed to different periods, although it is not possible to date their construction. However, a perusal of old aerial photographs of the region shows that the area was abandoned in the middle of the nineteenth century BCE.