Settlement Remains. Remains of a large building (15) that was damaged by infrastructure work were discovered at the bottom of northeastern slope of Horbat Nahal Bet Hanan (East); at least four rooms, arranged in a row, were discerned. The walls of the building (max. preserved height 1.8 m) were built of a single row of roughly hewn stones. Remains of other structures, terrace walls built of ancient building stones, rock-cuttings, quarries, burial caves and various rock-hewn installations were noted on the slope above the building. Numerous fragments of pottery vessels dating to the Iron Age and the Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods were found on the surface.
Burial Caves. Burial Caves 1, 8, 13 and 14 have antechambers with steps that led to the burial chamber entries. A frame was hewn around the entrance of Cave 1 (Fig. 2) and Cave 13 has a vaulted opening (Fig. 3). The staircase leading to Cave 14 is narrow (length 1.2 m, width 0.65 m) and may have been used initially as a pit grave. Burial Cave 5, located midway up the slope, has a rectangular opening (width 0.56 m) that was hewn within a frame. Cave 17, which has a rectangular opening (width 1.2 m, height 1.8 m) and a rock-hewn courtyard, was discovered adjacent to and below a terrace wall. A large stone slab that was placed widthwise across the opening, blocked it off in a later phase. All the caves had been plundered in the past and were found partly filled with alluvium and stones.
Cave Dwellings. Cave 3 has a broad entrance (length 3 m, height 0.85 m) and a large inner cavity that was found filled with soil and stones. The opening of Cave 4 is low (length 1.6 m, min. height 0.45 m). Heaps of soil that lay in front of the openings point to the plundering of the caves.
Terrace Walls. Wall 2, oriented southeast-northwest along a natural bedrock cliff and built of two rows of medium and large fieldstones, was preserved two–three courses high. Terrace Walls 18 and 19, built of two rows of fieldstones and preserved two–three courses high, were erected widthwise across the wadi, possibly for use as a dam.
Rock-cuttings. Two to four corners could be discerned in Rock-cuttings 6, 9 and 16 (Fig. 4). It seems that stones were detached from bedrock by way of severance channels hewn around them.
Cupmark (7) was hewn in a bedrock outcrop (2.5×3.0 m) close to Rock-cutting 6.
Additional installations (11, 12), which appear to be cave openings that could be natural, were noted, as well as a vertical rock-cutting in bedrock (10) whose significance is unclear.