Area A
An ashlar-built wall (W1; width c. 0.5 m; Figs. 1, 2) was exposed and numerous potsherds were discovered on either of its sides, including bowls (Fig. 3:1–4), jars (Fig. 3:5) and amphorae (Fig. 3:6–8) that dated to the Late Roman period (third–fourth centuries CE). Based on the pottery assemblage, it seems that the wall was part of a residential building from this period.
An installation, above the top of W1 and below a layer that included modern debris and fill, which originated from the archaeological excavations on Tel Dor, was exposed nearby. The installation was delimited by four walls (W2–W5; 4.08 × 4.80 m) whose foundations, as well as the floor and robber trenches, were preserved. The foundations were built of fieldstones; whereas the superstructure consisted of fine ashlar construction. The floor (L1002A) was a layer of fine quality thick plaster that extended up onto the walls. A crack in the floor, which may have been caused by an earthquake, was repaired with small stones and made smooth using a plaster of poorer quality (L1002B). In the aftermath of this repair, the center of the floor fractured and settled, possibly in the wake of another earthquake, bringing about the cessation of the installation’s use. It seems that the installation was used for collecting liquids and perhaps functioned as a fish pond.
Remains dating to the Late Roman period were exposed in a probe that was excavated below Floor 1002A; hence, this is the very earliest time that the installation could have been built.
Area B
A wall (W1; exposed length 12 m, width in excess of 1 m; Figs. 4, 5) preserved two courses high was revealed c. 50 m northwest of Area A. Since no other walls were connected to it, it seems that W1 was an enclosure wall rather than part of a building.
Potsherds that dated to the Hellenistic period were found on both sides of the wall, including a bowl (Fig. 3:9), a cooking pot (Fig. 3:10) and jars (Fig. 3:11–14). Coins were found as well, including three that were identified: a Seleucid coin from the years 190–126 BCE (IAA 112181), a coin of Ptolemy VI (181–146 BCE) that was minted in Alexandria (IAA 112182) and a coin of Claudius Gothicus that was struck in Antioch in 269 CE (IAA 112180) and was found on the surface.
Area C
A square pit (depth in excess of 4 m; Fig. 6), hewn in the kurkar bedrock, was discovered c. 50 m northeast of Area B; due to safety precautions, it was just cleaned rather than excavated. Pottery fragments were discovered near the opening of the pit and next to it, including a bowl (Fig. 3:15), a terra sigillata bowl (Fig. 3:16), a cooking pot (Fig. 3:17) and jars (Fig. 3:18, 19). These potsherds dated to the Late Hellenistic–Early Roman periods and the pit should probably be dated to these periods as well. The pit’s usage is unknown, but it may have been a well.