Architectural and Farm Remains (1, 4, 7, 9, 11–13, 15, 18–31, 34–36, 38–40, 42–47, 49, 53, 54). Rectangular structures (mostly 5×10 m, 10×15 m or 10×20 m) built of chalk. Building 1 is half underground. Building 7 is rectangular (20×30 m) and built of undressed chalk; a rock-hewn cistern (diam. of opening 0.5 m) was identified in the building’s courtyard. Building 15 (40×50 m) is constructed from chalk and comprises several rooms, a courtyard and a round built cistern (diam. 0.5 m). Building 18 has a courtyard and a built fence (10×20 m) in the west. Buildings 24, 28, 40 and 45 have a courtyard in the west. Building 54 consists of two rooms, whose walls were 2 m high; Black Gaza ware was found nearby.
Cisterns (5, 7, 15, 37, 41). Cistern 5 is rock-hewn and has an opening built of dressed stones (Fig. 2); a round fieldstone-built installation (diam. 2 m) was identified west of the cistern. Cistern 37 is rock-hewn and has a square opening (0.4×0.5 m). Cistern 41 is equipped with an opening of fieldstones and a shaft that is built of dressed stones (Fig. 3).
Field Towers (8, 10, 16, 17, 32). Square towers (3×3 m, 4×4 m, 5×5 m) built of undressed chalk.
Watchman’s Huts (51, 55). Building 51 is rectangular (4×5 m) and built of partially dressed chalk; pottery dating to the Byzantine period was found nearby.
Field Wall (6; length c. 50 m) built of fieldstones and aligned east–west.
Stone Clearance Heap (52; diam. 5 m) built on the western slope of the stream.
Stone Circle (2; diam. 3 m) built of small wadi pebbles.
Cave (3). The cave is entered from the southeast by way of a rock-hewn corridor (length 2 m).
Bathhouse (33; Fig. 4). The bathhouse dates to the Byzantine period and is located on the southern bank of Nahal Karkur. It was exposed as a result of the stream having eroded the soil in the direction of the bank. The foundation of a hypocaust and remains of a mosaic floor to the east were identified in the section created by the flow of the stream. The bathhouse was probably part of a Byzantine settlement at Horbat Karkur and is not located in the area slated for development.
Dam (Sites 14, 50). Dam 14 (length 15 m), built of fieldstones arranged in courses, is aligned northeast-southwest. Dam 50 (length 20 m, width 0.8 m; Fig. 5) is built of partially dressed medium-sized stones (0.2–0.5 m).

Figueras P. 2004. Horvat Karkur 'Illit: A Byzantine Cemetery Church in the Northern Negev: Final Report of the Excavations 1989–1995.Be’er sheva‘.