Square I. Two parallel walls, aligned east–west (W1, W2; Fig. 3), were exposed c. 30 cm below the surface. Wall 1 (exposed length c. 5 m, width 0.75 m, height 0.8 m,; Fig. 4) crossed the middle of the square, continued beyond its limits and was preserved three courses high. The wall was dry-built of two rows of boulders, reinforced with small stones. The upper part of W1 had collapsed to the north and judging by the marks on the stones at the top course and on some of the toppled stones, it seems that the wall was damaged by plowing that occurred in the area during a later phase.
Potsherds dating to the Second Temple period were discovered north (L102) and south (L101) of W1, including a bowl (Fig. 5:1), kraters (Fig. 5:5, 6), a cooking pot (Fig. 5:8) and four jar rims (Fig. 5:9–12). A pot rim (Fig. 5:7) characteristic of the time between the Hasmonean period and the end of the first century BCE and a jar rim (Fig. 5:15) that is ascribed to the first century BCE were found between the stones of the wall (L107).
Potsherds that included two kraters (Fig. 5:3, 4) and jar rims (Fig. 5:13, 14) dating to the Second Temple period were discovered in the soil fill located to the east, west and below the elevation of the foundation of W1 (L104, L106).
Wall 2 (width 0.6 m; see Figs. 1, 3), dry-built of two rows of fieldstone, was preserved three courses high and extended beyond the limits of the square (exposed length c. 5 m). The setting of the wall conformed to the conditions of the area and thus part of it was founded on the bedrock and part was built on fill. Fill composed of a large quantity of wadi pebbles and numerous small body fragments of pottery vessels that could not be dated (L103; see Figs. 1, 4) abutted the wall from the west. A bowl rim (Fig. 5:2) and several rims of pottery vessels from the Late Hellenistic period were discovered in the fill below the wall’s foundations and to its east (L105).
Square II. The top of a wall (W3; width 0.8 m, exposed length c. 8 m; Fig. 6), oriented east–west, was exposed c. 60 cm below the surface. The wall was preserved three courses high and extended beyond the limits of the excavated area. It was built of dry construction; its northern side was a row of boulders and large coarsely dressed stones (Figs. 2, 7) and the southern side consisted of large stones to which smaller stones were affixed. The wall was set on a fill of clay soil that had accumulated to its north (L202) and south (L201; Fig. 2: Section 1-1). Fill 201 on the southern side of the wall included a rim of a black-slipped bowl (Fig. 5:17) from the Hellenistic period and a jar rim (Fig. 5:19) from the Late Hellenistic period. A few fragments of pottery vessels were discovered in the fill below the wall’s foundation and to its south (L203), including a bowl rim (Fig. 5:16), a pot rim (Fig. 5:18) and jar rims (Fig. 5:20, 21), dating to the Late Hellenistic period. In addition, a bronze coin from the reign of Alexander Jannaeus that dates to the years 80/79 BCE, was discovered (IAA 135277).
The walls uncovered in the two squares were field or retaining walls that extended from east to west through a large area that was not inhabited and probably used for farming. Due to the proximity of the area to Horbat Gannim, the construction of the field walls can be attributed to the agricultural activity of the settlement that existed at that site.
Based on the finds, it can be assumed that the field walls were built during the Late Hellenistic period—the time of the settlement at Horbat Gannim.