Area B
Two squares were opened, c. 50 m south of the junction and adjacent to Highway 38, and three strata were identified.
Stratum 1 (thickness 0.6–0.8 m) was a layer of modern fill. The local residents reported that it was brought from the other end of the Moshav as top soil. The layer contained potsherds dating to Early Bronze Age I, which differed from the ceramic finds of this period that were discovered in situ in Stratum 3 (below). It seems that another Early Bronze Age I site exists at the location from which the soil was brought over.
Stratum 2 (thickness 0.15–0.20 m). A circular stone installation and the remains of another similar installation were discovered; the collected potsherds dated to the Roman or Byzantine periods.
Stratum 3 (max. thickness 0.6 m). A stone heap (width c. 0.6 m, height c. 0.3 m), which was apparently a wall, oriented north–south, was discovered. Two habitation levels adjoined the wall and potsherds from Early Bronze Age IB were found on and inside the wall. The finds to the west of the wall were considerably more than those to its east. It seems that these were the remains of a compound from Early Bronze Age IB, similar to the remains that had previously been exposed in Area A (License No. B-311/06). Virgin soil was discovered below Stratum 3.
Area C
Four squares (c. 112 sq m; Fig. 1) were excavated c. 200 m north of the junction.
Square 1. Three strata were discovered. Stratum 1 was composed of modern fill that contained mixed finds from the Roman–Byzantine periods and later. Several fieldstones, arranged in a straight north–south line, which were probably the remains of a severely damaged wall, without any datable finds, were ascribed to Stratum 2. Stratum 3 consisted of a section of a wall (length c. 4 m), aligned north–south; its northern end was severed and in the south, it continued beyond the limits of the excavation. A small amount of potsherds that dated to the Intermediate Bronze Age were ascribed to the wall. Heavy clay earth, probably virgin soil, was discovered below Stratum 3.
Square 2. Three strata were identified. Remains of an installation, which consisted of two parallel walls built of fieldstones with a haphazardly made stone pavement between them, were discovered. A similarly built floor abutted the installation’s southern wall. Potsherds from the Roman or Byzantine periods were found between the stones of the installation and beneath it; hence, it could not antedate these periods. Fill that was probably the result of erosion and devoid of finds was excavated in Stratum 2 (thickness in excess of 1 m). The fill excavated in Stratum 3 contained a few fragments of pottery vessels from the Intermediate Bronze Age and Early Bronze Age I. It seems that the natural processes, which resulted in the stratification of Stratum 2, eradicated most signs of human activity in these periods. Virgin soil was noted beneath Stratum 3.
Square 3. Remains of a square structure (c. 5 × 5 m; Fig. 2) whose walls were built of a single row of medium-sized fieldstones were exposed. A number of stone artifacts were discovered in the building. Another stone wall that apparently delimited a courtyard was connected to the southern side of the building. The excavated section of the courtyard revealed two phases, which consisted of round and elliptical stone installations that were probably hearths. The ceramic finds from the two phases mostly dated to the Intermediate Bronze Age.
Square 4. Below mixed fill that included finds from the Byzantine period and later, a section of a wall that continued south, beyond the boundaries of the excavation, was exposed. An upside-down grindstone, which was probably a work surface used as a base for the grindstone, was exposed on top of the wall.
Square 5 (thickness c. 1 m). Disturbed fill that contained finds from the Roman or Byzantine periods was discovered together with modern material.