The simple winepress comprised a treading floor (F1001; 2.0×2.5 m, depth 0.7 m; Fig. 2) and a collecting vat to the east (F1002; 0.8×0.9 m, depth 1.4 m). This setting on the edge of the slope may be explained by the proximity to the vineyards in the valley.
A large block of quarried bedrock was found on the slope below the treading floor, close to its southern corner (F1005; Fig. 3). The block, which may have once been part of the eastern edge of the treading floor, was eventually detached from its original position, due to intentional quarrying or to a pre-existing crack that was suddenly enlarged (earthquake?).
The back of Treading Floor 1001 was set against the hill and its quarrying had cut across a natural cave that extended westward (F1003; see Fig. 3) and had a top crack that opened to the surface. The cave, which was separated from the treading floor by a partly built wall (W1007), may have been used to store vessels, although its surface (c. 0.9×2.0 m, depth0.6 m) and the small number of recovered potsherds do not support such an option. A cupmark (F1006; Fig. 4), whose use is unknown, was hewn in the bedrock above the cave.
The treading floor was neatly quarried and its walls and surface were coated with two layers of plaster (Fig. 5). A circular, rock-hewn tunnel connected between the floor and the collecting vat to its southeast (Fig. 6). Its opening in the floor was covered with chunks of plaster that could have resulted from erosion of the walls and the action of rain water.
The collecting vat (F1002) had tidily plastered walls and floor. A sump for gathering the residues that facilitated the cleaning of the vat was cut in its southeastern corner (Fig. 7). A curved and plastered recess was quarried at mid-height of the eastern wall, next to the eastern corner, providing easier access into and out of the vat.
A natural, channel-like crack, leading perpendicularly to the northeastern edge of the vat, was obstructed with a chunk of plaster and stones (W1000) to prevent the infiltration of rain water (Fig. 8). Outside the northeastern corner of the vat, two perpendicular separation grooves were still visible, remnants of the quarrying work that had been carried out in the area (F1004; see Fig. 8).
Numerous small body fragments were found in all the fills that covered the winepress. Except for a single Iron Age cooking pot fragment (Fig. 9:1), all other potsherds dated to the Hasmonean era, including bowls (Fig. 9:2, 3), a cooking pot (Fig. 9:4) and a jug (Fig. 9:5) and the Herodian era, including cooking pots (Fig. 9:6–8), a jar (Fig. 9:9) and a jug (Fig. 9:10).
The excavated winepress was quite simple, typical to the context of a village situated in the outskirts of Jerusalem. Its location seems to have been dependent on that of the vineyards, since the bedrock was not fully suitable for the quarrying of an installation and the good-quality plaster had somewhat corrected this imperfection.