Glazed potsherds that dated to the Mamluk period (thirteenth–fourteenth centuries CE) were discovered on the surface (thickness c. 0.1 m). The foundations of two walls (W1, W2; Figs. 1, 2) were exposed below the surface. Wall 1 severed W2, which was oriented north–south (length 2.5 m, width 1.8 m, preserved height 0.5–0.8 m). The eastern side of W2 was built of a single course of large roughly hewn stones set on bedrock and the western side consisted of two courses of small and medium fieldstones, founded on clayey soil (L106) that was deposited on bedrock; the core was composed of small and medium fieldstones. A coin that is dated to the end of the Roman period (395–408 CE; IAA 111756) was recovered from the accumulation of soil that abutted the eastern side of W2 (L102). Potsherds discovered in the wall and its foundation trench (Loci 103, 104, 106, 109) included a single jar fragment from the first–second centuries CE (Fig. 3:1), as well as numerous potsherds from the Byzantine period, including two imported Cypriot bowls (Fig. 3:2, 3) and four jars (Fig. 3:4–7); two were ‘Uza-type jars (Fig. 3:4, 5) and one had a short and thickened rim (Fig. 3:6; fifth–sixth centuries CE). The potsherd and the coin from the Roman period indicate that remains from this period probably exist in the region but have not yet been exposed.
Wall 1, aligned east–west (length 5 m, width 0.5 m, preserved height 0.8 m), was built of small and medium fieldstones bonded with gray mortar. The wide foundation trench of W1 (L107) was filled with gray soil and medium-sized fieldstones. Potsherds from the Umayyad and Abbasid periods were discovered in the fill of the foundation trench and included a red-burnished bowl imported from Egypt (Fig. 3:8) and two black barrel-shaped jars (Fig. 3:9, 10; seventh–eighth centuries CE).