The winepress was rock-hewn and had a treading floor (L100; 3.2×3.2 m, max. depth 0.5 m; Figs. 2–5) that sloped gently toward the north. Next to the northern corner of the treading floor was a hewn channel (L107; width 0.11 m) that led to a filtration pit (L105; 0.5×0.6 m, depth 0.8 m). At the bottom of the filtration pit was a hewn perforation (L108; diam. 8 cm) that connected to a collecting vat (L106; c. 1.2×1.5 m, depth c. 2.1 m) paved with coarse white tesserae (max. size c. 4×4 cm). A small sump (diam. c. 0.2 m, depth c. 0.1 m) was located in the eastern corner of the collecting vat. Remains of white plaster (thickness c. 1 cm) were visible on the sides of the collecting vat up to a height of 1 m above its floor. Two stone rollers found next to the winepress were probably used for the secondary pressing of the grapes. One roller (diam. 0.59 m, length 1.07 m) was found at the western edge of the treading floor and the other (diam. 0.58 m, length 1.1 m) was c. 5 m to the west. Eroded potsherds dating to the Roman and Byzantine periods were found.
Rock-cutting Remains (L104). A hewn circle was exposed between the boulders. It was probably an unfinished installation.
Shaft (L103; diam. c. 0.7 m, depth of excavation c. 2 m; Fig. 6). The shaft was vertically hewn in the bedrock and seems to have led to a hiding refuge. Recesses (depth c. 5 cm) preserved in its sides were probably used as footholds when climbing in and out of the shaft. The shaft was full of different size stone collapse and several non-diagnostic potsherds were discovered. The excavation of the shaft was suspended due to safety precautions. Five rock-hewn depressions (diam. c. 5 m, depth c. 5 cm), c. 2 m from the center of the shaft, were found on the surface of the bedrock.
Wall (W111; length c. 30 m, max. width 0.4 m, max. height 0.8 m). The wall, aligned east–west, was probably used to partition the area. It was built of a single row of different size fieldstones (max. length c. 1 m). The stones of the wall were embedded in the soil (max. depth c. 0.1 m) as indicated by a probe (L101; 1×1 m) that was excavated next to the wall’s northern side.
Enclosure Wall (W112; max. width 0.8 m, max. height 0.5 m, max. enclosed area c. 9×12 m). The wall was irregular and built of a pile of different size stones. A large stone (length c. 2.5 m, height 1.9 m) was incorporated in the southern section of the wall and a square (L102; 1×3 m, depth c. 0.5 m) was excavated alongside it down to the natural bedrock. No ancient remains were found.
The pottery finds were meager but sufficient to date the winepress to the Byzantine period. The hiding refuge is similar to the type known in the region, which dates to the first–second centuries CE (Zissu 2007
). The excavation findings show that the region was used for farming by one of the nearby settlements, H