A paved surface (length 15.5 m, total width 7.5 m) of medium and large dressed stones (0.3×0.5 m), set on top of alluvium (Fig. 1), was exposed among the olive trees in the excavation area (13×16 m, c. 200 sq m). The surface was aligned east–west, along the ruins. The surface was outlined by meticulously arranged curbstones, preserved mostly on the southern edge and in part of the northern edge.
Two construction levels were discerned in the middle of the surface. A bottom level composed of crushed white limestone that served as fill for leveling and an upper level (width 4.7 m) that was extremely well-built of closely fitted flagstones of impressive quality.
It seems that the excavation exposed an ancient road, whose southern and northern ends were completely uncovered, whereas its eastern and western bounds were not located due to the limitations of the area. Nevertheless, the continuation of the road on the known route was exposed in a probe (1×7 m), c. 10 m east of the excavation area.
The exposed section of the road seems to bend slightly northward, following the course of the modern road and the surface level, which rises from west and east (Fig. 2).
Worn potsherds that dated to Early Bronze Age I, Iron Age II and the Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Mamluk periods, were found in the excavation areas, opened north and south of the road. It seems that these finds were brought here together with the alluvium from the adjacent site. A probe trench excavated perpendicular to the road (Fig. 3) yielded potsherds from the road and the roadbed that dated only to the Late Roman period and therefore, the entire road can be dated to the second century CE onward.
The line of a meager terrace wall, which was built of medium and large fieldstones and several roughly hewn building stones in secondary use, was found above the road level and on top of the accumulated alluvium. It seems that this later terrace wall, as indicated by Mamluk potsherds, was unrelated to the ancient Roman road.
This road was unknown to the research on Roman roads in the Galilee. The road apparently led east from the Roman camp at Legio (Megiddo), via the northern edge of the Jezreel Valley, or it linked such important sites as Sepphoris, Gat Hefer and Kafr Kana with the Mount Tabor region and the road that runs north and east.