Two squares (V, VI, each 2×2 m; Fig. 2), 10 m apart and aligned north–south, were opened in the courtyard of the building at 3 Victor Hugo Street.
Square VI: A section of a pale white road/floor (L62; thickness c. 0.3 m) consisting of crushed kurkar and small stones was exposed below the surface.While excavating the fill (L61), fragments of pottery vessels dating to the Crusader, Mamluk and Ottoman periods were discovered, including a frying-pan rim (Fig. 3:1) from the Crusader–Mamluk periods (twelfth–fourteenth centuries CE), a bowl rim (Fig. 3:2) and a jar rim (Fig. 3:4) from the Ottoman period.
A thick foundation layer (L63; thickness 0.65 m) that comprised a mixture of kurkar, plaster and different size fieldstones was exposed below the road/floor. It contained numerous fragments of pottery vessels dating to the Ottoman period, among them a body fragment of a glazed bowl (Fig. 3:7).
Square V: Remains of collapse (L51) were exposed. While dismantling the collapse, potsherds dating to the Mamluk–Ottoman periods were collected, including a lamp nozzle (Fig. 3:5).
Four other trial squares (I–IV) were opened along the eastern sidewalk of the street (Square II was not excavated because of an electric cable).Ancient remains were not documented in these squares, apart from a rim of a glazed Crusader bowl (Fig. 3:3) and a fragment of a Herodian lamp (Fig. 3:6), both discovered in the upper fill of Square III, and a few body fragments of pottery vessels from the end of the Late Ottoman period were exposed in the other squares.
All the squares were only excavated to the depth required for the replacement of the infrastructure.
The excavation exposed remains of a road or kurkar floor with a thick foundation that dated to the end of the Ottoman period. Due to the limited scope of the excavation, this may be only an assumption. However, the manner of construction and the kind of foundation point to a road/floor; the location of the remains and their elevation indicate this could be another section of the road that was exposed in the former excavations of E. Haddad and Y. Arbel.
In addition to the remains of the road, building collapse attributed to contemporary structures was exposed.Finds from the Hellenistic, Roman and Crusader period illuminate the human activity in the region during these periods.