The excavation area (100 sq m) was divided into small squares (2 × 2 m). Initially, the surface finds were gathered and sifted and subsequently, the excavation commenced. The squares with a high density of flint artifacts were documented and drawn before the finds were collected. It was noted during all stages of work at the site that the finds were not in situ; they had undergone processes of re-location and had been re-scattered. Several of the squares were deeply excavated but no ancient remains were unearthed; therefore, it seems that the activity in the prehistoric period only occurred on the surface.
A total of 6,328 artifacts (3–5 cm) made of indigenous flint were gathered. These occur in a wide variety of colors, including brown, dark brown, light gray, whitish gray and translucent gray. The flint occurring in different shades of gray is of mediocre quality, mostly rough and contains concentrations of chalk. The dark brown flint is of a better quality. The assemblage can be divided into three groups: debitage (87.9%), tools (8.9%) and cores (3.2%). This division shows that the preparation and knapping of the artifacts were done at the site. Most of the cores are flake cores (Fig. 2:1, 2) and only a few are blade and bladelet cores. These core proportions are manifested in the debitage, which is mostly composed of flakes, and in the tools, whose most common artifacts are retouched flakes (Fig. 2:3), denticulates and scrapers (Fig. 2:4, 5). The blades and bladelets were preferred over the production of drills, which are also prevalent at the site. The drills occur in different sizes (Fig. 3:1–8); some are on broad blades and others—on bladelets. Their common denominator is the prominent point, which is fashioned on both sides by abrupt retouching that extends along the sides of the artifact. Three groups of drills were discerned. The first includes drills that were not finished, the second comprises drills that have a point which was completely preserved and the third is a large group of drills whose points are broken, probably due to intensive use (Fig. 3:4, 5, 8). Three small lunates (Fig. 3:9) and two bifacial knives that were shaped by pressure flaking are also part of the assemblage from the site, as well as many fragments of ostrich eggs (Fig. 3:10, 11) that were scattered along the surface. P. Borian and A. Freidman, who had surveyed the site in the past, associated the drill industry with the preparation of beads from ostrich eggs (Mi-Tekufat Ha-Even 18).
The excavation and the analysis of the finds revealed that this is a single period, temporary site whose inhabitants took advantage of the stable dunes of the Western Negev and their proximity to sources of flint for the purpose of increased knapping of flint artifacts. It is clear from the density of the finds that the size of the original site did not exceed 2 dunams; however, modern activity had caused the flint items to disperse across a much larger area. The analysis of the flint artifacts has revealed the different phases in the production of the drills, pointing to an industry that specialized in the manufacture of these tools. The site was abandoned once drills were no longer needed. As others have assumed in the past, it seems that this site is a temporary encampment, whose occupants specialized in the production of drills that were used in the preparation of beads from ostrich eggs. The date of the site is problematic in the absence of ‘fossil directeurs’, apart from the drills. Nonetheless, the combination of drills and lunates is widespread among the Early Bronze Age assemblages of the Negev. The bifacial knives, which are characteristic of the Neolithic period, are not in situ, and were probably brought from the nearby site at Nahal Nizzana 4.