Cave A (Fig. 1) consisted of a forecourt and a burial chamber. The forecourt (average width 2.6 m) was partly damaged by earthmoving activity and its opening was entirely destroyed. The burial chamber (2.5 × 2.7 m, height 1.2 m) had an arched ceiling that was carelessly hewn; its floor was straight and six kokhim were cut in the sides—two in each, except for the side of the entrance. The kokhim had a flat ceiling and their bottom was 0.1 m higher than the floor of the cave. Two kokhim of almost identical dimensions (Loci 101, 102; length 2.75 m, width 0.4 m, height 0.7 m) were hewn in the chamber’s western side; two kokhim (L103—length 2.8 m, width 0.45 m, height 0.7 m; L104—length 2.7 m, width 0.4 m, height 0.7 m) were in the southern side and two kokhim of almost equal size (Loci 105, 106; length 2.5 m, width 0.5 m, height 0.7 m) were cut in the eastern side. A recess (L108) that served as a bone repository was in the southwestern corner of the burial chamber. Bones were only found in the kokhim of the western and southern sides; none occurred in the kokhim of the eastern side because the ceiling and the walls on that side had collapsed onto the floor of the chamber. Covering slabs that matched the dimensions of the kokhim openings were found in the collapse nearby.
It can be concluded that a single individual was interred in a primary burial in each kokh, based on the manner of placing the bones. The standing pit was not exposed, although it was probably located in the center of the burial chamber. Ossuary fragments and an intact clay juglet (Fig. 2:1), dating to the first century BCE–first century CE, were discovered in the burial chamber (L107).
Based on the plan and the artifacts, the cave should be dated to the Early Roman period and attributed to the necropolis of Jerusalem during the Second Temple period (HA-ESI 111:64*–65*).
Cave B (Fig. 3) consisted of a burial chamber (3.2 × 3.8 m, height 1.7 m), in three of whose sides various size arcosolia were hewn and in each arcosolium a burial trough was cut. The outer sides of the troughs (width 0.12, 0.20, 0.20 m, respectively) that faced the chamber were built of fieldstones and coated with plaster together with the arcosolia.
The northern arcosolium spanned the entire width of the chamber and the trough inside it (L102; length 2.25 m, width 0.4 m, depth 0.6 m) was sealed with four covering slabs (0.3 × 0.5 m), between which remains of gray cement were found. The trough was probably covered originally with six or seven slabs. One side of the slabs was placed on the built side of the trough and the other side was inserted into a channel, hewn in the inner wall of the trough at a level that was 0.2 m higher than its top.
The western arcosolium was hewn along a section of the cave’s western side. Only one of the covering slabs had survived on top of the trough (L103; length 1.8 m, width 0.4 m, depth 0.6 m) that was cut inside it.
A trough (L104; length 2 m, width 0.4 m, depth 0.6 m) was cut in the arcosolium along a section of the chamber’s southern wall.
The eastern side of the cave was damaged by mechanical equipment and all that survived of it were the remains of a rectangular shaft (0.95 × 1.10 m, depth 1.1 m below surface) that led to an entrance whose northern side was preserved. A single step (0.3 × 0.7 m, c. 0.3 m above the bottom of the cave) led down from the entrance into the burial chamber, in whose three burial troughs poorly preserved human bones were found. With the exception of the ceiling, all the surfaces of the chamber and the arcosolia were coated with gray plaster (thickness 2 cm) that contained coarse gravel and potsherds and acted as a protective layer against bedrock disintegration, as indicated by the cracks visible in those spots where the plaster had crumbled.
Only the burial chamber was excavated. Parts of iron nails that were used in wooden coffins, a metal object (3 × 3 cm) whose function is unclear and a ceramic lid (Fig. 2:2) that is dated to the sixth–eighth centuries CE were recovered from the fill on the bottom of the chamber. The plan of the cave and the artifacts it contained date it to the Byzantine period.