During the end of January and beginning of February 2007, a salvage excavation was conducted at Newe Shalom (Permit No. A-5003*; map ref. NIG 19805/63605; OIG 14805/13605), prior to the installation of an electric line. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by A. Nagar, with the assistance of Y. Ohayon (administration), A. Hajian (surveying and drafting), T. Sagiv (field photography), E. Belashov (final plans) and C. Hersch (pottery drawing).
A half square was opened and remains of a building wall were exposed. The western part of the square was disturbed by infrastructures of electric line pipes. The wall (W1; length 3.5 m, width 0.6 m; Figs. 1–3), preserved two courses high (0.60–0.75 m), was built of large roughly hewn limestone blocks, with small and medium-sized lime stones between them. An intentional fill that comprised numerous small fieldstones was exposed above and on either side of the wall (Loci 101, 102). The ceramic finds dated to the Early Roman period and included a cooking pot (Fig. 4:1) and jars (Fig. 4:2–10).
The construction of the wall resembled that of the walls of rooms that were exposed c. 80 west of the excavation and dated to the Early Roman period (HA-ESI 115:47*–48*). Wall 1 was probably part of this complex of rooms, which indicated the scope of the settlement at the site during the Roman period.