During April 2000, a salvage excavation was conducted on the Armon Ha-Naziv promenade in Jerusalem (Permit No. A-3227*; map ref. NIG 22240/62905; OIG 17240/12905), prior to a construction. The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was directed by G. Solimany and V. Barzel, with the assistance of T. Kornfeld and V. Pirsky (surveying and drafting) and C. Hersch (pottery drawing).
The remains of a building were exposed in the excavation area (c. 6 × 9 m; Fig. 1). Two construction phases were discerned in the building, the early one dating to the end of the Iron Age and the later phase, to the Early Roman period. A modern farming terrace wall was also discovered. Remains from the Hellenistic period had previously been excavated c. 400 m south of the current building remains (ESI 15:78–79; HA-ESI 112:85*).
A floor (Loci 102, 106, 113) and two walls (W1, W4) are ascribed to the early phase of the building. The floor (preserved area 4.5 × 5.0 m) was set on bedrock and consisted of crushed chalk and stone slabs (slab dimensions 0.2 × 0.3 m). Three ovens (average dimensions 0.5 × 0.8 m) were embedded in the floor, on which burnt areas were discerned in several places. This was probably the floor of an open courtyard that may have been used as a public kitchen. Wall 1 (width 2.7 m) was built of medium and large roughly hewn stones and preserved six courses high (1.5 m); its upper part collapsed on the floor. Wall 4 (preserved length 1.2 m, width 0.2 m) was cut into bedrock to a height of 0.9 m and had one course of stone (height 0.2 m) preserved above the rock-hewn part. The ceramic finds from this phase dated to the seventh century BCE and included bowls (Fig. 2:1–3), cooking pots (Fig. 2:4–6), holemouth jars (Fig. 2:7, 8) and jars (Fig. 2:9–12).
The remains from the late phase of the building were discovered in the eastern part of the excavation area, atop the collapse of the early phase. A wall (W3) and a burnt layer (L109) were exposed. Wall 1 was no longer used during this phase. Wall 3 (length 2.4 m, width 0.8 m) was built of different-sized fieldstones and preserved 0.5 m high. The burnt layer (thickness 0.3 m) whose elevation was not uniform abutted W3. The ceramic finds from this phase, dating to the first century BCE and the first century CE, included cooking pots (Fig. 3:1, 2), a flask (Fig. 3:3), jugs (Fig. 3:4, 5), jars (Fig. 3:6–9) and a holemouth jar (Fig. 3:10).
A modern terrace wall (W2; length 3.3 m, width 0.5–1.0 m) that consisted of a single course of fieldstones was built on top of W1 and W3. A large stone (1 × 1 m) was set in the corner of this wall.