Area A (Fig. 2)
Two squares were opened. A dressed limestone block (L120; 0.7 × 0.7 m) and collapse that consisted of medium-sized fieldstones (L122) to its east were found in Square I. A sounding in the northwestern corner of the square (1 × 1 m) was excavated; three levels (Loci 102, 104, 118), which contained concentrations of jar fragments from the Roman period (Fig. 3:3), were discovered.
Two construction phases were identified in Square II (2.5 × 5.0 m). In the early phase, a wall (W114; 0.3 × 0.6 m) of fieldstones without bonding material was preserved a single course high. In the later phase, two walls (W107, W112; Fig. 4) that formed the corner of a building were built of dressed limestone (0.3 × 0.6 m) and medium-sized fieldstones. The eastern face of W107 was not preserved and therefore, it was impossible to ascertain its original width.

 

Apart from the Roman-period pottery, a few potsherds from Middle Bronze II (not illustrated) and the Hellenistic period were found, including bowls (Fig. 3:1, 2) and a jar (Fig.  3:4). The hamra soil fill (L105) west of W107 contained a stamped Rhodian amphora handle that bears the name Δικα[ίο]ς (Fig. 3:5)––a well-known potter who worked between the years 260–210 BCE.

 

Area B
Pits excavated in soft kurkar bedrock were documented in five points (A– E; Fig. 5).
Point A was an elliptical pit (diam. 1.9 m; depth of 0.65 m; Fig. 6) filled with brown hamra soil that contained animal bones and a few potsherds, which ranged in date from the Hellenistic period until the modern era.
Points B–D were circular pits (B–– diam. 1.3 m, depth 1.6 m; C–– diam. 1 m, depth 1.64 m; D–– diam. 1.2 m, depth 1.5 m), in which three fill layers were discerned. The upper layer consisted of brown hamra soil; the middle layer was dark burnt matrix that contained a large quantity of organic material and animal bones, and the bottom layer was brown hamra soil.
Point E was a rectangular pit (1.0 × 1.5 m; depth 0.3 m).
The ceramics recovered from the pits included a jar (Fig. 7:1) from Middle Bronze II, a jar (Fig. 7:2) from the Byzantine period, a jar (Fig. 7:3) from the Early Islamic period, a cooking pot (Fig. 7:4) from the Mamluk period and a pipe (Fig. 7:5) from the Ottoman period, as well as a very large amount of animal bones, mostly sheep, goat, pig, donkey and cattle.