During November 2003, a development survey was conducted along the route of the Ben-Gurion Airport–Modi‘in railroad line (Permit No. A-4031*). The survey, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was conducted by L. Barda and M. Masarwa.
Most of the survey area was situated in agricultural fields; the noteworthy sites are described below.
1. Map ref. NIG 20189–91/64113–35; OIG 15189–91/14113–35. One or more installations, south and east of the Kafr Jindas ruin. Potsherds from the Byzantine, Early Islamic and Ottoman periods are scattered on surface, as well as large white tesserae and plaster fragments.
2. Map ref. NIG 192949/648848; OIG 142949/148848. A scattering of flint implements, cores and flakes from the Middle Paleolithic period (Mousterian culture) on surface, over an area of c.150 × 300 m.
3. Map ref. NIG 19321/64768; OIG 14321/14768. A rock-hewn winepress that includes a square treading floor, in one of whose sides was a hewn niche for inserting a press beam. The rectangular collecting vat was converted to a water cistern in a later phase. Round hewn openings that may have belonged to water cisterns or tombs (?) were surveyed, as well as vertical rock-cuttings. Potsherds from the Middle Bronze Age, the Roman and Byzantine periods and a few flint objects were collected on surface.
4. Map ref. NIG 193735/646030; OIG 143735/146030. A concentration of rock-hewn installations, winepresses, cupmarks, quarries, burial caves and arcosolia was surveyed. The finds are associated with a nearby ruin located on the hilltop (map ref. NIG 193785/646363; OIG 143785/146363), which consists of a large concentration of masonry stones, clusters of small and large white and gray tesserae, water cisterns and potsherds from Middle Bronze IIB and the Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods.
5. Map ref. NIG 194839/645049; OIG 144839/145049. A circular watchman’s booth (diam. c. 4.5 m) built of fieldstones and a few dressed stones, which was preserved three–four courses high. Close by are rock-cuttings that probably represent the remains of a winepress. A plastered building (c. 4 × 4 m, preserved height 1 m) and nearby farming terraces were noted c. 330 m to the northwest.